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Alpine environment and natural hazards > Alpine Mass Movements

Blatny, L.; Löwe, H.; Gaume, J., 2023: Microstructural controls on the plastic consolidation of porous brittle solids. Acta Materialia, 250: 118861 (14 pp.). doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2023.118861

Bergfeld, B.; Van Herwijnen, A.; Bobillier, G.; Rosendahl, P.L.; Weißgraeber, P.; Adam, V.; Dual, J.; Schweizer, J., 2023: Temporal evolution of crack propagation characteristics in a weak snowpack layer: conditions of crack arrest and sustained propagation. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 23, 1: 293-315. doi: 10.5194/nhess-23-293-2023

Trottet, B.; Simenhois, R.; Bobillier, G.; Bergfeld, B.; Van Herwijnen, A.; Jiang, C.; Gaume, J., 2022: Transition from sub-Rayleigh anticrack to supershear crack propagation in snow avalanches. Nature Physics, 18: 1094-1098. doi: 10.1038/s41567-022-01662-4

Puzrin, A.M.; Gaume, J., 2022: Post-publication careers: follow-up expeditions reveal avalanches at Dyatlov Pass. Communications Earth & Environment, 3, 1: 63 (5 pp.). doi: 10.1038/s43247-022-00393-x

Bergfeld, B.; Van Herwijnen, A.; Bobillier, G.; Larose, E.; Moreau, L.; Trottet, B.; Gaume, J.; Cathomen, J.; Dual, J.; Schweizer, J., 2022: Crack propagation speeds in weak snowpack layers. Journal of Glaciology, 68, 269: 557-570. doi: 10.1017/jog.2021.118

Védrine, L.; Li, X.; Gaume, J., 2022: Detrainment and braking of snow avalanches interacting with forests. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 22, 3: 1015-1028. doi: 10.5194/nhess-22-1015-2022

Li, X.; Sovilla, B.; Ligneau, C.; Jiang, C.; Gaume, J., 2022: Different erosion and entrainment mechanisms in snow avalanches. Mechanics Research Communications, 124: 103914 (8 pp.). doi: 10.1016/j.mechrescom.2022.103914

Kyburz, M.L.; Sovilla, B.; Gaume, J.; Ancey, C., 2022: The concept of the mobilized domain: how it can explain and predict the forces exerted by a cohesive granular avalanche on an obstacle. Granular Matter, 24, 2: 45 (17 pp.). doi: 10.1007/s10035-021-01196-1

Kyburz, M.L.; Sovilla, B.; Gaume, J.; Ancey, C., 2022: Physics-based estimates of drag coefficients for the impact pressure calculation of dense snow avalanches. Engineering Structures, 254: 113478 (17 pp.). doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2021.113478

Cicoira, A.; Blatny, L.; Li, X.; Trottet, B.; Gaume, J., 2022: Towards a predictive multi-phase model for alpine mass movements and process cascades. Engineering Geology, 310: 106866 (15 pp.). doi: 10.1016/j.enggeo.2022.106866

Blatny, L.; Berclaz, P.; Guillard, F.; Einav, I.; Gaume, J., 2022: Microstructural origin of propagating compaction patterns in porous media. Physical Review Letters, 128, 22: 228002 (6 pp.). doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.128.228002

Gaume, J.; Puzrin, A.M., 2021: Mechanisms of slab avalanche release and impact in the Dyatlov Pass incident in 1959. Communications Earth & Environment, 2, 1: 10 (11 pp.). doi: 10.1038/s43247-020-00081-8

Blatny, L.; Löwe, H.; Wang, S.; Gaume, J., 2021: Computational micromechanics of porous brittle solids. Computers and Geotechnics, 140: 104284 (13 pp.). doi: 10.1016/j.compgeo.2021.104284

Bergfeld, B.; Van Herwijnen, A.; Reuter, B.; Bobillier, G.; Dual, J.; Schweizer, J., 2021: Dynamic crack propagation in weak snowpack layers: insights from high-resolution, high-speed photography. Cryosphere, 15, 7: 3539-3553. doi: 10.5194/tc-15-3539-2021

Bobillier, G.; Bergfeld, B.; Dual, J.; Gaume, J.; Van Herwijnen, A.; Schweizer, J., 2021: Micro-mechanical insights into the dynamics of crack propagation in snow fracture experiments. Scientific Reports, 11: 11711 (15 pp.). doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-90910-3

Wolper, J.; Gao, M.; Lüthi, M.P.; Heller, V.; Vieli, A.; Jiang, C.; Gaume, J., 2021: A glacier-ocean interaction model for tsunami genesis due to iceberg calving. Communications Earth & Environment, 2, 1: 130 (10 pp.). doi: 10.1038/s43247-021-00179-7

Li, X.; Sovilla, B.; Jiang, C.; Gaume, J., 2021: Three-dimensional and real-scale modeling of flow regimes in dense snow avalanches. Landslides, 18: 3393-3406. doi: 10.1007/s10346-021-01692-8

Bobillier, G.; Bergfeld, B.; Capelli, A.; Dual, J.; Gaume, J.; Van Herwijnen, A.; Schweizer, J., 2020: Micromechanical modeling of snow failure. Cryosphere, 14, 1: 39-49. doi: 10.5194/tc-14-39-2020

Ritter, J.; Löwe, H.; Gaume, J., 2020: Microstructural controls of anticrack nucleation in highly porous brittle solids. Scientific Reports, 10, 1: 12383 (10 pp.). doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-67926-2

Kyburz, M.L.; Sovilla, B.; Gaume, J.; Ancey, C., 2020: Decoupling the role of inertia, friction, and cohesion in dense granular avalanche pressure build-up on obstacles. Journal of Geophysical Research F: Earth Surface, 125, 2: e2019JF005192 (18 pp.). doi: 10.1029/2019JF005192

Gaume, J.; Chambon, G.; Naaim, M., 2020: Microscopic origin of nonlocal rheology in dense granular materials. Physical Review Letters, 125, 18: 188001 (5 pp.). doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.188001

Montagnat, M.; Chambon, G.; Gaume, J.; Hagenmuller, P.; Sandells, M., 2020: Editorial: About the relevance of snow microstructure study in cryospheric sciences. Frontiers in Earth Science, 8: 619509 (3 pp.). doi: 10.3389/feart.2020.619509

Li, X.; Sovilla, B.; Jiang, C.; Gaume, J., 2020: The mechanical origin of snow avalanche dynamics and flow regime transitions. Cryosphere, 14, 10: 3381-3398. doi: 10.5194/tc-14-3381-2020

Comola, F.; Gaume, J.; Kok, J.F.; Lehning, M., 2019: Cohesion‐induced enhancement of aeolian saltation. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 10: 5566-5574. doi: 10.1029/2019GL082195

Gaume, J.; Van Herwijnen, A.; Gast, T.; Teran, J.; Jiang, C., 2019: Investigating the release and flow of snow avalanches at the slope-scale using a unified model based on the material point method. Cold Regions Science and Technology, 168: 102847 (10 pp.). doi: 10.1016/j.coldregions.2019.102847

Mulak, D.; Gaume, J., 2019: Numerical investigation of the mixed-mode failure of snow. Computational Particle Mechanics, 6: 439-447. doi: 10.1007/s40571-019-00224-5

Benedetti, L.; Gaume, J.; Fischer, J.-T., 2019: A mechanically-based model of snow slab and weak layer fracture in the Propagation Saw Test. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 158: 1-20. doi: 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2017.12.033

Sovilla, B.; Köhler, A.; Kyburz, M.; Ligneau, C., 2019: The avalanche flow regimes and their pressure on infrastructures. In: 2019: International Symposium on Mitigative Measures against Snow Avalanches and Other Rapid Gravity Mass Flows. International Symposium on Mitigative Measures against Snow Avalanches and Other Rapid Gravity Mass Flows, Siglufjörður. 223-228.

Gaume, J.; Gast, T.; Teran, J.; Van Herwijnen, A.; Jiang, C., 2018: Dynamic anticrack propagation in snow. Nature Communications, 9, 1: 3047 (10 pp.). doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-05181-w

Gaume, J.; Chambon, G.; Van Herwijnen, A.; Schweizer, J., 2018: Stress concentrations in weak snowpack layers and conditions for slab avalanche release. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 16: 8363-8369. doi: 10.1029/2018GL078900

Sovilla, B.; Kyburz, M.; Schaer, M.; Margreth, S., 2018: Avalanche pressure at the Vallée de la Sionne test site: comparison of maximum measured loads with design loads. In: 2018: International snow science workshop proceedings 2018. International snow science workshop, ISSW 2018, Innsbruck. 21-25.

Kyburz, M.; Sovilla, B.; Gaume, J.; Ancey, C., 2018: Avalanche pressures at the Vallée de la Sionne test site: interaction of avalanches and narrow structures studied withe DEM. In: 2018: International snow science workshop proceedings 2018. International snow science workshop, ISSW 2018, Innsbruck. 40-42.

Gaume, J.; Gast, T.F.; Teran, J.; Van Herwijnen, A.; Jiang, C., 2018: Unified modeling of the release and flow of snow avalanches using the material point method. In: 2018: International snow science workshop proceedings 2018. International snow science workshop, ISSW 2018, Innsbruck. 1-5.

Bobillier, G.; Gaume, J.; Van Herwijnen, A.; Dual, J.; Schweizer, J., 2018: Modeling the propagation saw test with discrete elements. In: 2018: International snow science workshop proceedings 2018. International snow science workshop, ISSW 2018, Innsbruck. 976-980.

Gaume, J.; Van Herwijnen, A.; Chambon, G.; Wever, N.; Schweizer, J., 2017: Snow fracture in relation to slab avalanche release: critical state for the onset of crack propagation. Cryosphere, 11, 1: 217-228. doi: 10.5194/tc-11-217-2017

Gaume, J.; Löwe, H.; Tan, S.; Tsang, L., 2017: Scaling laws for the mechanics of loose and cohesive granular materials based on Baxter's sticky hard spheres. Physical Review E, 96, 3: 032914 (12 pp.). doi: 10.1103/PhysRevE.96.032914

Comola, F.; Kok, J.F.; Gaume, J.; Paterna, E.; Lehning, M., 2017: Fragmentation of wind-blown snow crystals. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 9: 4195-4203. doi: 10.1002/2017GL073039

Gaume, J.; Reuter, B., 2017: Assessing snow instability in skier-triggered snow slab avalanches by combining failure initiation and crack propagation. Cold Regions Science and Technology, 144: 6-15. doi: 10.1016/j.coldregions.2017.05.011

Monti, F.; Gaume, J.; Van Herwijnen, A.; Schweizer, J., 2016: Snow instability evaluation: calculating the skier-induced stress in a multi-layered snowpack. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 16, 3: 775-788. doi: 10.5194/nhess-16-775-2016

Van Herwijnen, A.; Gaume, J.; Bair, E.H.; Reuter, B.; Birkeland, K.W.; Schweizer, J., 2016: Estimating the effective elastic modulus and specific fracture energy of snowpack layers from field experiments. Journal of Glaciology, 62, 236: 997-1007. doi: 10.1017/jog.2016.90

Schweizer, J.; Reuter, B.; Van Herwijnen, A.; Richter, B.; Gaume, J., 2016: Temporal evolution of crack propagation propensity in snow in relation to slab and weak layer properties. Cryosphere, 10, 6: 2637-2653. doi: 10.5194/tc-10-2637-2016

Benedetti, L.; Fischer, J.; Gaume, J., 2016: A new mechanical framework to interpret weak layer and slab fracture in the propagation saw test. In: 2016: International snow science workshop proceedings 2016. International snow science workshop, ISSW 2016, Breckenridge, CO, USA, October 2-7, 2016. 937-941.

Gaume, J.; Reuter, B.; Van Herwijnen, A.; Schweizer, J., 2016: A new crack propagation criterion for skier-triggered snow slab avalanches. In: 2016: International snow science workshop proceedings 2016. International snow science workshop, ISSW 2016, Breckenridge, CO, USA, October 2-7, 2016. 484-491.

Bair, E.H.; Gaume, J.; Van Herwijnen, A., 2016: The role of collapse in avalanche release: review and implications for practitioners and future reserach. In: 2016: International snow science workshop proceedings 2016. International snow science workshop, ISSW 2016, Breckenridge, CO, USA, October 3-7, 2016. 24-31.

Gaume, J.; Van Herwijnen, A.; Chambon, G.; Wever, N.; Schweizer, J., 2016: Critical length for the onset of crack propagation in snow: reconciling shear and collapse. In: 2016: International snow science workshop proceedings 2016. International snow science workshop, ISSW 2016, Breckenridge, CO, USA, October 2-7, 2016. 12-16.

Schweizer, J.; Reuter, B.; Van Herwijnen, A.; Gaume, J., 2016: Avalance release 101. In: 2016: International snow science workshop proceedings 2016. International snow science workshop, ISSW 2016, Breckenridge, CO, USA, October 2-7, 2016. 1-11.

Podolskiy, E.A.; Chambon, G.; Naaim, M.; Gaume, J., 2015: Evaluating snow weak-layer failure parameters through inverse finite element modelling of shaking-platform experiments. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 15, 1: 119-134. doi: 10.5194/nhess-15-119-2015

Steinkogler, W.; Gaume, J.; Löwe, H.; Sovilla, B.; Lehning, M., 2015: Granulation of snow: from tumbler experiments to discrete element simulations. Journal of Geophysical Research F: Earth Surface, 120, 6: 1107-1126. doi: 10.1002/2014JF003294

Reiweger, I.; Gaume, J.; Schweizer, J., 2015: A new mixed-mode failure criterion for weak snowpack layers. Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 5: 1427-1432. doi: 10.1002/2014GL062780

Gaume, J.; Van Herwijnen, A.; Chambon, G.; Birkeland, K.W.; Schweizer, J., 2015: Modeling of crack propagation in weak snowpack layers using the discrete element method. Cryosphere, 9, 5: 1915-1932. doi: 10.5194/tc-9-1915-2015

Gaume, J.; Chambon, G.; Eckert, N.; Naaim, M.; Schweizer, J., 2015: Influence of weak layer heterogeneity and slab properties on slab tensile failure propensity and avalanche release area. Cryosphere, 9, 2: 795-804. doi: 10.5194/tc-9-795-2015

Gaume, J.; Chambon, G.; Eckert, N.; Naaim, M., 2014: Variabilità spaziale degli strati deboli. Neve e Valanghe, 82: 4-9.

Gaume, J.; Schweizer, J.; Van Herwijnen, A.; Chambon, G.; Reuter, B.; Eckert, N.; Naaim, M., 2014: Evaluation of slope stability with respect to snowpack spatial variability. Journal of Geophysical Research F: Earth Surface, 119, 9: 1783-1799. doi: 10.1002/2014JF003193

Steinkogler, W.; Gaume, J.; Löwe, H.; Sovilla, B.; Lehning, M., 2014: Granulation of snow: experiments and discrete element modeling. In: 2014: International snow science workshop proceedings 2014. International snow science workshop, ISSW 2014, Banff, AB, Canada, September 29 - October 3, 2014. 733-737.

Gaume, J.; Chambon, G.; Reiweger, I.; Van Herwijnen, A.; Schweizer, J., 2014: On the failure criterion of weak-snow layers using the discrete element method. In: 2014: International snow science workshop proceedings 2014. International snow science workshop, ISSW 2014, Banff, AB, Canada, September 29 - October 3, 2014. 681-688.

Monti, F.; Schweizer, J.; Gaume, J., 2014: Deriving snow stability information from simulated snow cover stratigraphy. In: 2014: International snow science workshop proceedings 2014. International snow science workshop, ISSW 2014, Banff, AB, Canada, September 29 - October 3, 2014. 465-469.

Gaume, J.; Van Herwijnen, A.; Schweizer, J.; Chambon, G.; Birkeland, K., 2014: Discrete element modeling of crack propagation in weak snowpack layers. In: 2014: International snow science workshop proceedings 2014. International snow science workshop, ISSW 2014, Banff, AB, Canada, September 29 - October 3, 2014. 139-145.

Gaume, J.; Schweizer, J.; Van Herwijnen, A.; Chambon, G.; Eckert, N.; Naaim, M., 2013: The effect of spatial variations of snowpack properties on snow slope stability: a mechanically-based statistical approach. In: Naaim-Bouvet, F.; Durand, Y.; Lambert, R. (eds), 2013: International snow science workshop proceedings 2013. International snow science workshop, ISSW 2013, Grenoble - Chamonix Mont-Blanc, France, October 7-11, 2013. 57-60.

Gaume, J.; Chambon, G.; Eckert, N.; Naaim, M., 2013: Weak-layer spatial variability as a possible trigger of slab tensile failure. In: Naaim-Bouvet, F.; Durand, Y.; Lambert, R. (eds), 2013: International snow science workshop proceedings 2013. International snow science workshop, ISSW 2013, Grenoble - Chamonix Mont-Blanc, France, October 7-11, 2013. 12-16.