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Dr. Martin Schneebeli - Personal Homepage

Martin Schneebeli
Dr. Martin Schneebeli, teamleader
Organisational unit: Snow and Permafrost
Snow Physics
Phone: +41 81 4170 181
Fax: +41 81 4170 110
Room: Da B 1 14
E-Mail:
Address: WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF
Flüelastrasse 11
7260 Davos Dorf

Research Interests

My current work is focused on snow and firn. The work in the past years was focused on how to measure snow properties quantitatively and at higher spatial resolution, and from the field- to the micro-scale. To this goal, I am developing new instruments. Scientifically, I am interested in all physical and geological processes occurring in the snowpack, and in different environments. Recent expeditions to Antarctica and the Arctic widened my experience in these fascinating environments.

Specifically i work on the experimental investigation of snow physical properties at the micro- and macroscale (mechanical, thermal, optical), especially using micro-tomography. Using specific new tools, the processes in snow recrystallization, metamorphism and diagenesis are investigated. For this, I work on the development of new instrumentation (3 patents). One goal is also the application of quantitative stratigraphy to larger-scale processes, as remote sensing, avalanche formation and climate research.

Academic Education and Professional Experience

1991:  Dr. sc. tech, ETH Zürich (Ph.D. in Environmental Engineering)

1984:  Dipl. Kulturing. (Environmental Engineering), ETH Zürich

  • Invited researcher for field experiments in Antarctica (Project Coldest Firn CoFiAP, PI Dr. Sepp Kipfstuhl, Alfred Wegener Institut, Bremerhaven) 2012-2013, more...
  • Invited researcher for field experiments in Antarctica (Project EXPLORE, PI Dr. Jérôme Chappellaz, CNRS-LGGE, Grenoble) 2011-2012, more...
  • Invited researcher for field experiments (Snowball Earth Analogue, Allan Hills, Antarctica, PI Prof. Stephen Warren, Univ. of Washington) 2010-2011
  • Visiting scientist at LGGE/CNRS Grenoble (July 2008), with Dr. Paul Duval
  • Lecturer at ETH, since 2007
  • Named "Senior Scientist" of WSL since 2006
  • Head of Research Group "Snow Physics", since 2006

Services

  • SCAR Alternate Delegate for Switzerland  (since 2014), Officer of the Action Group "Snow in Antarctica", SnowAnt
  • Member IASC Cryosphere working group (since 2013)
  • Editor The Cryosphere (since 2012)
  • Associate Editor JGR-Earth Surface (2010-2013)
  • Associate Editor Water Resources Research (2009-2011)
  • European Geophysical Union, Section on Cryospheric Sciences, Secretary of Snow (2001-2009)

 Teaching

Graduate Course on “Snow: Physics and Modelling” at ETH Zürich (together with H Löwe) -> link to course catalogue entry

Publications - ORCID

All Publications (WSL database)

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Publications 1 to 142 from 142

Ebner, P.P.; Grimm, S.A.; Schneebeli, M.; Steinfeld, A., 2014:
An instrumented sample holder for time-lapse microtomography measurements of snow under advective airflow. Geosci. Instrum. Methods Data Sys. 3: 179-185.

Proksch, M.; Reuter, B.; Löwe, H.; Schweizer, J.; Schneebeli, M., 2014:
Quantitative Snow Stratigraphy and Stability Derived From High-Resolution Penetrometry. In: International Snow Science Workshop 2014. A merging of Theory and Practice. September 29 - October 3, 2014. Banff, Alberta, Canada. Proceedings. ISSW. Banff, ISSW. 196-201.

Köchle, B.; Schneebeli, M., 2014:
Three-dimensional microstructure and numerical calculation of elastic properties of alpine snow with a focus on weak layers. J. Glaciol. 60, 222: 705-713.

Schleef, S.; Löwe, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2014:
Influence of stress, temperature and crystal morphology on isothermal densification and specific surface area decrease of new snow. Cryosphere 8, 5: 1825-1838..

Schleef, S.; Löwe, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2014:
Hot-pressure sintering of low-density snow analyzed by X-ray microtomography and in situ microcompression. Acta Mater. 71: 185-194.

Zermatten, E.; Schneebeli, M.; Arakawa, H.; Steinfeld, A., 2014:
Tomography-based determination of porosity, specific area and permeability of snow and comparison with measurements. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 97: 33-40.

Schleef, S.; Jaggi, M.; Löwe, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2014:
Instruments and Methods: An improved machine to produce nature-identical snow in the laboratory. J. Glaciol. 60, 219: 94-102.

Hagenmuller, P.; Theile, T.C.; Schneebeli, M., 2014:
Numerical simulation of microstructural damage and tensile strength of snow. Geophys. Res. Lett. 41, 1: 86-89.

Gergely, M.; Wolfsperger, F.;Schneebeli, M., 2014:
Simulation and Validation of the InfraSnow: An Instrument to Measure Snow Optically Equivalent Grain Size. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 52, 7: 4236-4247.

Schleef, S.; Löwe, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2014:
Influence of stress, temperature and crystal habit on isothermal densification and specific surface area decrease of new snow. Cryosphere Discuss. 8: 1795-1829.

Schwaab, J.; Bavay, M.; Davin, E.; Hagedorn, F.; Hüsler, F.; Lehning, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Thürig, E.; Bebi, P., 2014:
Carbon storage versus albedo change: Radiative Forcing of forest expansion in temperate mountainous regions of Switzerland. Biogeosciences Discussions 11: 10123-10165.

Schwaab, J.; Lehning, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Hagedorn, F.; Thürig, E.; Huesler, F.; Bebi, P., 2013:
Carbon storage vs Albedo change: radiative forcing of forest cover change in temperate mountainous regions. [Abstract] In: DACA-13: Davos Atmosphere and Cryosphere Assembly DACA-13. Air, Ice & Process Interactions. An IUGG (IAMAS & IACS) Event, July 8-12, 2013, Davos, Switzerland. Abstract proceedings. Davos, 1053.

Riche, F.; Schneebeli, M., 2013:
Thermal conductivity of snow measured by three independent methods and anisotropy considerations. Cryosphere 7: 217-227.

Klein, K.; Schneebeli, M.; Freitag, J., 2013:
The seasonal development of the specific surface area of snow at Kohnen Station in Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. [Abstract] In: DACA-13: Davos Atmosphere and Cryosphere Assembly DACA-13. Air, Ice & Process Interactions. An IUGG (IAMAS & IACS) Event, July 8-12, 2013, Davos, Switzerland. Abstract proceedings. Davos, 1178.

Köchle, B.; Matzl, M.; Proksch, M., Schneebeli, M., 2013:
Detection and characterization of weak layers. [Abstract] In: DACA-13: Davos Atmosphere and Cryosphere Assembly DACA-13. Air, Ice & Process Interactions. An IUGG (IAMAS & IACS) Event, July 8-12, 2013, Davos, Switzerland. Abstract proceedings. Davos, 409.

Schleef, S.; Löwe, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2013:
Time-lapse X-ray Microtomography of New Snow Densification. [Abstract] In: Proceedings. 1st International Conference on Tomography of Materials and Structures (July 1-5, 2013) in Ghent (Belgium) Ghent, ICTMS. 301-303.

Löwe, H.; Riche, F.; Schneebeli, M., 2013:
A general treatment of snow microstructure exemplified by an improved relation for the thermal conductivity. Cryosphere 7: 1473-1480.

Dadic, R.; Mullen, P.C.; Schneebeli, M.; Brandt, R.E.; Warren, S.G., 2013:
Effects of bubbles, cracks, and volcanic tephra on the spectral albedo of bare ice near the Transantarctic Mountains: Implications for sea glaciers on Snowball Earth. J. Geophys. Res. 118, 3: 1658-1676.

Thomson, E.; Bartels-Rausch, T.; Riche, F.; Schneebeli, M.; Ammann, M., 2013:
Measuring the influence of microstructure on trace gas-ice interactions. [Abstract] In: DACA-13: Davos Atmosphere and Cryosphere Assembly DACA-13. Air, Ice & Process Interactions. An IUGG (IAMAS & IACS) Event, July 8-12, 2013, Davos, Switzerland. Abstract proceedings. Davos, 916.

Monti, F.; Groot Zwaaftink, C.D.; Schneebeli, M.; Fierz, C.; Macelloni, G.; Cagnati, A., 2013:
Exploring the snow lateral variability within a 20 m snow trench at Concordia Station, East Antarctica. [Abstract] In: DACA-13: Davos Atmosphere and Cryosphere Assembly DACA-13. Air, Ice & Process Interactions. An IUGG (IAMAS & IACS) Event, July 8-12, 2013, Davos, Switzerland. Abstract proceedings. Davos, 141.

Lin, C.-C.; Rommen, B.; Floury, N.; Schuettemeyer, D.; Davidson, M.W.J.; Kern, M.; Kontu, A.; Lemmetyinen, J.; Pulliainen, J.; Wiesmann, A.; Werner, C.L.; Mätzler, C.; Schneebeli, M.; Proksch, M.; Nagler, T.; Rott, H., 2013:
Microwave scattering signature of snowpack - 5 years of snowscat observation experiments. In: Lasaponara, R.; Masini, N.; Biscione, M. (eds) European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories Symposium Proceedings. 33th EARSeL Symposium Towards Horizon 2020: Earth Observation and Social Perspectives, Matera (Italy), 3 - 6 June 2013. Matera, EARSel. 411-424.

Bartels-Rausch, T.; Wren, S.; Schreiber, S.; Riche, F.; Schneebeli, M.; Ammann, M., 2013:
Diffusion through the snow-pack - bridging field and lab studies. [Abstract] In: DACA-13: Davos Atmosphere and Cryosphere Assembly DACA-13. Air, Ice & Process Interactions. An IUGG (IAMAS & IACS) Event, July 8-12, 2013, Davos, Switzerland. Abstract proceedings. Davos, 788.

Montagnat, M.; Riche, F.; Schneebeli, M., 2013:
Evolution of crystal orientation in snow during temperature gradient metamorphism. [Abstract] In: DACA-13: Davos Atmosphere and Cryosphere Assembly DACA-13. Air, Ice & Process Interactions. An IUGG (IAMAS & IACS) Event, July 8-12, 2013, Davos, Switzerland. Abstract proceedings. Davos, 834.

Riche, F.; Montagnat, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2013:
Evolution of crystal orientation in snow during temperature gradient metamorphism. J. Glaciol. 59, 213: 47-55.

Maysenhölder, W.; Heggli, M.; Zhou, X.; Zhang, T.; Frei, E.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
Microstructure and sound absorption of snow. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 83-84: 3-12.

Riche, F.; Bartels-Rausch, T.; Schreiber, S., Ammann, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
Temporal evolution of surface and grain boundary area in artificial ice beads and implications for snow chemistry. J. Glaciol. 58, 2010: 815-817.

Löwe, H.; Riche, F.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
Snow anisotropy enables more precise determination of thermal conductivity via second-order bounds. [Abstract] In: AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, 3-7 December 2012. [Published online] Available from the internet <http://fallmeeting.agu.org/2012/eposters/eposter/IN51B-1691/> 1 p.

Bartels-Rausch, T.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
Comment on 'Possible contribution of triboelectricity to snow-air interactions' Environ. Chem. 9: 119-120.

Pinzer, B.R.; Medebach, A.; Limbach, H.J.; Dubois, C.; Stampanoni, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
3D-characterization of three-phase systems using X-ray tomography: tracking the microstructural evolution in ice cream. Soft matter 8: 4584-4594.

Riche, F.; Montagnat, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
P 11.2 Orientation of snow crystals: Evolution of orientation during temperature gradient metamorphism. [Abstract] In: Abstract Volume. 10th Swiss Geoscience Meeting. Bern, 16th-17th November 2012. Mountains - Up and Down. Bern, SCNAT. 279.

Riche, F.; Schneebeli, M.; Tschanz, S.A.., 2012:
Design-based stereology to quantify structural properties of artificial and natural snow using thin sections. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 79-80: 67-74.

Dadic, R.; Mullen, P.; Schneebeli, M.; Brandt, R.E.; Fitzpatric, M.; Carns, R.; Warren, S.G., 2012:
Albedo of bare ice near the trans-antarctic mountain as an analogue of sea-glaciers on the tropical ocean of snowball earth. [Abstract] Geophys. Res. Abstr. 14: EGU2012-6756.

Riche, F.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
Thermal conductivity of anisotropic snow measured by three independent methods. Cryosphere Discuss. 6: 1839-1869.

Proksch, M.; Loewe, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
Statistical model for the correlation length of snow derived from Snow-Micro-Pen measurements. [Abstract] In: Academia Raetica (ed) Program & Abstracts. Conference "Graubünden forscht - Young scientists in contest" September 12-13, 2012, Davos Congress Center, Entrance "Promenade Nord", Promenade 92, Davos, Switzerland. S.28.

Proksch, M.; Löwe, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
Statistical model for the correlation length of snow derived from snow-micro-pen measurements. [Abstract] Geophys. Res. Abstr. 14: EGU2012-14125.

Löwe, H.; Riche, F.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
A general treatment of snow microstructure exemplified by an improved relation for the thermal conductivity. Cryosphere Discuss. 6: 4673-4693.

Pinzer, B.R.; Schneebeli, M.; Kaempfer, T.U., 2012:
Vapor flux and recrystallization during dry snow metamorphism under a steady temperature gradient as observed by time-lapse micro-tomography. Cryosphere Discuss. 6: 1673-1714.

Hagenmuller, P.; Theile, T.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
Microstructure-based simulations of the tensile strength of snow. [Abstract] Geophys. Res. Abstr. 14: EGU2012-4031.

Proksch, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
Towards an understanding of the snow pack response at microwave frequencies through high resolution snow measurements. [Abstract] In: AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, 3-7 December 2012. [Published online] Available from the internet <http://fallmeeting.agu.org/2012/eposters/eposter/IN51B-1691/> 1 p.

Haussener, S.; Gergely, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Steinfeld, A., 2012:
Determination of the macroscopic optical properties of snow based on exact morphology and direct pore-level heat transfer modeling. J. Geophys. Res. 117, F03009, doi: 10.1029/2012JF002332: 20 p.

Schleef, S.; Löwe, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
Isothermal densification and metamorphism of new snow. [Abstract] In: AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, 3-7 December 2012. [Published online] Available from the internet <http://fallmeeting.agu.org/2012/eposters/eposter/c51b-0779/> 1 p.

Heggli, M.; Köchle, B.; Matzl, M.; Pinzer, B.R.; Riche, F.; Steiner, S.; Steinfeld, D.; Schneebeli, M., 2011 :
Measuring snow in 3-D using X-ray tomography: assessment of visualization techniques. Ann. Glaciol. 52, 58: 231-236.

Löwe, H.; Spiegel, J. K.; Schneebeli, M., 2011:
Interfacial and structural relaxations of snow under isothermal conditions. J. Glaciol. 57, 203: 499-510.

Schneebeli, M., 2011:
Neues aus der Forschung. Expedition Antarktis. Newsl. Nat.gefahren [published online December 2011] Available from World Wide Web <http://www.slf.ch/dienstleistungen/newsletter> 3/2011: 4-6.

Theile, T.; Schneebeli, M., 2011:
Algorithm to decompose three-dimensional complex structures at the necks: tested on snow structures. IET Image Process. 5, 2: 132-140.

Zermatten, E.; Haussener, S.; Schneebeli, M.; Steinfeld, A., 2011:
Tomography-based determination of permeability and Dupuit-Forchheimer coefficient of characteristic snow samples. J. Glaciol. 57, 205: 811-816.

Heggli, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2011:
Physik in der Schneedecke. Tec21 1/2: 16-21.

Theile, T.; Löwe, H.; Theile, T.C.; Schneebeli, M., 2011:
Simulating creep of snow based on microstructure and the anisotropic deformation of ice. Acta Mater. 59: 7104-7113.

Brucker, L.; Picard, G.; Arnaud, L.; Barnola, J.-M.; Schneebeli, M.; Brunjail, H.; Lefebvre, E.; Fily, M., 2011:
Modeling time series of microwave brightness temperature at Dome C, Antarctica, using vertically resolved snow temperature and microstructure measurements. J. Glaciol. 57, 201: 171-182.

Techel, F.; Pielmeier, C.; Schneebeli, M., 2011:
Microstructural resistance of snow following first wetting. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 65: 382-391.

Fierz, C.; Loewe, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2011:
Snow metamorphism - past, present, and future. [Abstract] Geophys. Res. Abstr. 13: EGU2011-10206: 10206.

Vetter, R.; Sigg, S.; Singer, H.M.; Kadau, D.; Herrmann, H.J.; Schneebeli, M., 2010:
Simulating isothermal aging of snow. EPL 89, doi: 10.1209/0295-5057/89/26001: 5p.

Riche, F.; Schneebeli, M., 2010:
Instruments and Methods: Microstructural change around a needle probe to measure thermal conductivity of snow. J. Glaciol. 56, 199: 871-876.

Satyawali, P.K.; Schneebeli, M., 2010:
Spatial scales of snow texture as indicator for snow class. Ann. Glaciol. 51, 54: 55-63.

Pinzer, B.R.; Kerbrat, M.; Huthwelker, T.; Gäggeler, H.W.; Schneebeli, M.; Ammann, M., 2010:
Diffusion of NOx and HONO in snow: A laboratory study. J. Geophys. Res. 115: D03304, doi: 10.1029/2009JD012459: 12 pp.

Heilig, A.; Eisen, O; Schneebeli, M., 2010:
Temporal observations of a seasonal snowpack using upward-looking GPR. Hydrol. Process. 24: 3133-3145.

Gergely, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2010:
Snow characterization by facet number and size from snow pit wall photographs. In: International Snow Science Workshop 2010, Proceedings. October 17-22, 2010. Lake Tahoe, CA. 380-382.

Matzl, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2010:
Stereological measurement of the specific surface area of seasonal snow types: Comparison to other methods, and implications for mm-scale vertical profiling. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 64: 1-8.

Gergely, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Roth, K., 2010:
First experiments to determine snow density from diffuse near-infrared transmittance. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 64: 81-86.

Gergely, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Roth, K. 2009:
Snow characterization by optical properties. [Abstract] In: Schweizer, J.; Gansner, C. (eds) International Snow Science Workshop. 27 September to 2 October 2009, Davos, Switzerland. Programme and Abstracts. Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research. 146.

Hutterli, M.A.; Schneebeli, M.; Freitag, J.; Kipfstuhl, J.; Röthlisberger, R., 2009:
Impact of local insolation on snow metamorphism and ice core records. Hokkaido University Collection of Scholarly and Academic Papers: HUSCAP 12: 223-232.

Kuipers Munneke, P.; van den Broeke, M.R.; Reijmer, C.H.; Helsen, M.M.; Boot, W.; Schneebeli, M.; Steffen, K., 2009:
The role of radiation penetration in the enrgy budget of the snowpack at Summit, Greenland. Cryosphere 3: 155-165.

Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Schneemetamorphose: Schnee im ständigen Wandel. Newsl. Nat.gefahren [published online December 2009] Available from World Wide Web <http://www.slf.ch/dienstleistungen/newsletter/index_DE> 3/2009: 1-2.

Pinzer, B.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Temperature gradient metamorphism is not a classical coarsening process. [Abstract] In: Schweizer, J.; Gansner, C. (eds) International Snow Science Workshop. 27 September to 2 October 2009, Davos, Switzerland. Programme and Abstracts. Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research. 35.

Heggli, M.; Frei, E.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Instruments and Methods. Snow Replica method for three-dimensional X-ray microtomographic imaging. J. Glaciol. 55, 192: 631-639.

Pinzer, B.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Temperature gradient metamorphism is not a classical coarsening process. In: Schweizer, J.; Van Herwijnen, A. (eds) International Snow Science Workshop. 27 September to 2. October 2009, Davos, Switzerland. Proceedings. Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research. 58-61.

Heggli, M.; Theile, T.; Steiner, S.; Löwe, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
3D visualization of snow microstructure. [Abstract] In: Swiss Society for Optics and Microscopy (SSOM), Interdisciplinary Symposium on 3D Microscopy, Interlaken 12. - 16. Juli 2009. 19-22.

Pinzer, B.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Breeding snow: an instrumented sample holder for simultaneous tomographic and thermal studies. Meas. Sci. Technol. 20: doi: 10.1088/0957-0233/20/9/095705: 9 p.

Heggli, M.; Jaggi, M.; Pinzer, B.; Steiner, S.; Theile, T.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Visualization of three-dimensional snow: how to use it in snow education. In: Schweizer, J.; Van Herwijnen, A. (eds) International Snow Science Workshop. 27 September to 2. October 2009, Davos, Switzerland. Proceedings. Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research. 62-66.

Fruehauf, F.; Heilig, A.; Schneebeli, M.; Fellin, W.; Scherzer, O., 2009:
Experiments and Algorithms to Detect Snow Avalanche Victims Using Airborne Ground-Penetrating Radar. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 47, 7: 2240-2251.

Heilig, A.; Marshall, H.P.; Eisen, O.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Visualization of three-dimensional snow: how to use it in snow education. In: Schweizer, J.; Van Herwijnen, A. (eds) International Snow Science Workshop. 27 September to 2. October 2009, Davos, Switzerland. Proceedings. Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research. 82-86.

Riche, F.; Koechle, B.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Measuring thermal conductivity of snow: the problem with needle probes. [Abstract] In: Schweizer, J.; Gansner, C. (eds) International Snow Science Workshop. 27 September to 2 October 2009, Davos, Switzerland. Programme and Abstracts. Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research. 55.

Heggli, M.; Jaggi, M.; Pinzer, B.; Steiner, S.; Theile, T.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Visualization of three-dimensional snow: how to use it in snow education. [Abstract] In: Schweizer, J.; Gansner, C. (eds) International Snow Science Workshop. 27 September to 2 October 2009, Davos, Switzerland. Programme and Abstracts. Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research. 50.

Bellaire, S.; Pielmeier, C.; Schneebeli, M.; Schweizer, J., 2009:
Instruments and Methods: Stability algorithm for snow micro-penetometer measurements. J. Glaciol. 55, 193: 805-813.

Gergely, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Roth, K., 2009:
Snow Characterization by Optical Properties. In: Schweizer, J.; Van Herwijnen, A. (eds) International Snow Science Workshop. 27 September to 2. October 2009, Davos, Switzerland. Proceedings. Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research. 87-91.

Pinzer, B.R.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Snow metamorphism under alternating temperature gradients: Morphology and recrystallization in surface snow. Geophys. Res. Lett. 36, L23503, doi:10.1029/2009GL039618: 4 pp.

Heilig, A.; Marshall, H.P.; Eisen, O.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Non-destructive quantification of snowpack properties. [Abstract] In: Schweizer, J.; Gansner, C. (eds) International Snow Science Workshop. 27 September to 2 October 2009, Davos, Switzerland. Programme and Abstracts. Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research. 147.

Theile, T.; Szabo, D.; Luthi, A.; Rhyner, H.U.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Mechanics of the Ski-Snow Contact. Tribol. Lett. 36: 223-231.

Satyawali, P.K.; Schneebeli, M.; Pielmeier, C.; Stucki, T.; Singh, A.K., 2009:
Preliminary characterization of alpine snow using SnowMicroPen. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 55: 311-320.

Techel, F.; Pielmeier, C.; Schneebeli, M., 2008:
The first wetting of snow: Micro-structural hardness measurements using a snow micro penetrometer. In: International Snow Science Workshop 2008, Proceedings. September 21-27, 2008. Whistler, BC, CAN. 1019-1026.

Heggli, M.; Frei, E.; Schneebeli, M., 2008:
Replica method for three-dimensional snow imaging. [Abstract] Geophys. Res. Abstr. 10: 09730.

Bänninger, D.; Bourgeois, C.S.; Matzl, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2008:
Reflectance Modeling for Real Snow Structures Using a Beam Tracing Model. Sensors 8: 3482-3496.

Fauve, M.; Rhyner, H.; Lüthi, A.; Schneebeli, M.; Lehning, M., 2008:
Putting snow knowledge into the development of winter sports equipment. Sports Technol. 1, 2-3: 145-151.

Maysenhölder, W.; Schneebeli, M.; Zhou, X.; Zhang, T.; Heggli, M., 2008:
Schallabsorption von Schnee.. IBP-Mitteilung 486: 2 S.

Frei, E.; Heggli, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2008:
Replica method for three-dimensional X-ray microtomographic imaging of snow. [Abstract] In: 6th Swiss Geoscience Meeting Lugano. 21.-23. November 2008. Abstracts. 185.

Toure, A.M.; Goita, K.; Royer, A.; Mätzler, C.; Schneebeli, M., 2008:
Near-infrared digital photography to estimate snow correlation length for microwave emission modeling. Appl. Opt. 47, 36: 6723-6733.

Theile, T.; Schneebeli, M., 2008:
Detection of grain boundaries in snow from 3D images. [Abstract] In: Workshop on the Microstructure and Properties of Firn, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, March 10-11, 2008. Abstracts published online. Available from Internet <http://engineering.dartmouth.edu/firn/posters.html>.

Theile, T.; Schneebeli, M.; Svendsen, B., 2008:
Time-lapse micro tomography of snow deformation. [Abstract] In: Workshop on X-Ray Micro Imaging of Materials, Devices, and Organisms. 22 - 24 October 2008, Dresden, Germany. Book of Abstracts. 68.

Kerbrat, M.; Pinzer, B.; Huthwelker, T.; Gäggeler, H.W.; Ammann, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2008:
Measuring the specific surface area of snow with X-ray tomography and gas adsorption: comparison and implications for surface smoothness. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8: 1261-1275.

Heilig, A.; Schneebeli, M.; Fellin, W., 2008:
Feasibility study of a system for airborne detection of avalanche victims with ground penetrating radar and a possible automatic location algorithm. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 51: 178-190.

Bellaire, S.; Schweizer, J.; Schneebeli, M.; Pielmeier, C., 2008:
Deriving snow stability from micropenetration resistance. [Abstract] Geophys. Res. Abstr. 10: 09847.

Maysenhölder, W.; Schneebeli, M.; Zhou, X.; Zhang, T.; Heggli, M., 2008:
Sound Absorption of Snow. IBP Report 486: 2 S.

Dadic, R.; Schneebeli, M.; Lehning, M.; Huttelil, M.A.; Ohmura, A., 2008:
Impact of microstructure of snow on its temperature: A model validatiion with measurements from Summit, Greenland. J. Geophys. Res. 113, D14303, doi:10.1029/2007JD0009562: 11 p.

Heggli, M.; Köchle, B.; Pinzer, B.; Schneebeli, M., 2008:
Thermal conductivity of snow: How to find a better parameterisation? [Abstract] In: 6th Swiss Geoscience Meeting Lugano. 21.-23. November 2008. Abstracts. 187-188.

Marshall, H.-P.; Schneebeli, M.; Koh, G., 2007:
Snow stratigraphy measurements with high-frequency FMCW radar: Comparison with snow micro-penetrometer. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 47: 108-117.

Kaempfer, T.U.; Schneebeli, M., 2007:
Observation of isothermal metamorphism of new snow and interpretation as a sintering process. J. Geophys. Res. 112, D24101, doi: 10.1029/2007JD009047: 10 pp.

Schwörer, C.; Rhyner, H.; Rixen, C.; Schneebeli, M.; Iten, B., 2007:
Chemische Pistenpräparation - Grundlagenbericht. [published online November 2007] Available from World Wide Web <http://www.wsl.ch/publikationen/pdf/8509.pdf> Davos, Eidgenössisches Institut für Schnee- und Lawienforschung SLF. 69 S.

Szabo, D.; Schneebeli, M., 2007:
Subsecond sintering of ice. Appl. Phys. Lett. 90: 151916, doi: 10.1063/1.2721391. 3 pp.

Kaestner, A.; Schneebeli, M.; Graf, F., 2006:
Visualizing three-dimensional root networks using computed tomography. Geoderma 136: 459-469.

Matzl, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2006:
Measuring specific surface area of snow by near-infrared photography. J. Glaciol. 52, 179: 558-564.

Kaempfer, T.U.; Schneebeli, M.; Sokratov, S.A., 2005:
A microstructural approach to model heat transfer in snow. Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L21503, doi:10.1029/2005GL023873: 5 p.

Pielmeier, C.; Schneebeli, M., 2004:
Developments in snow stratigraphy. In: Proc. International Symposium on Snow Monitoring and Avalanches (ISSMA), 12-16 April, 2004. H.Q., Sase, Manali (H.P.), India. 109-119.

Birkeland, K.; Kronholm, K.; Schneebeli, M.; Pielmeier, C., 2004:
Changes in the shear strength and micro-penetration hardness of a buried surface-hoar layer. Ann. Glaciol. 38: 223-228.

Schneebeli, M.; Laternser, M., 2004:
A Probalistic Model to Evaluate the Optimal Density of Stations Measuring Snowfall. J. Appl. Meteorol. 43, 5: 711-719.

Kronholm, K.; Schneebeli, M.; Schweizer, J., 2004:
Spatial variability of micropenetration resistance in snow layers on a small slope. Ann. Glaciol. 38: 202-208.

Stähli, M.; Stacheder, M.; Gustafsson, D.; Schlaeger, S.; Schneebeli, M.; Brandelik, A., 2004:
A new in situ sensor for large-scale snow-cover monitoring. Ann. Glaciol. 38: 273-278.

Schneebeli, M., 2004:
Numerical simulation of elastic stress in the microstructure of snow. Ann. Glaciol. 38: 339-342.

Federolf, P.; Fauve, M.; Szabó, D.; Lüthi, A.; Rhyner, H.; Schneebeli, M.; Ammann, W., 2004:
Mechanical properties of snow during rapid impacts. In: Bartelt, P.; Adams, E.; Christen, M.; Sack, R.; Sato, A. (eds) Snow Engineering V. Proceedings of the fifth international conference on snow engineering, 5-8 July 2004, Davos, Switzerland. Leiden, London, New York, Philadelphia, Singapore, Balkema Publishers. 209-214.

Sokratov, S.A.; Kaempfer, T.U.; Schneebeli, M., 2004:
Temperature gradient metamorphism observed by computed micro-tomography. In: Proceedings of the 61st Annual Eastern Snow Conference. 9-11 June 2004, Portland, Main, USA. 55-58.

Kaempfer, T.U.; Sokratow, S.A.; Schneebeli, M., 2004:
The effect of the structural evolution of snow on heat transfer. In: Celata, G.P.; Di Marco, P.; Mariani, A.; Shah, R.K. (eds) Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Two-Phase Modelling and Experimentation. Pisa, Italy, 22-25 September, 2004. Vol. 1. Pisa, Edizioni ETS. 715-719.

Schneebeli, M.; Bebi, P., 2004:
Snow and Avalanche Control. In: Burley, J.; Evans, J.; Youngquist, J.A. (eds) Encyclopedia of Forest Sciences. Amsterdam, Boston, Heidelberg, Elsevier Academic Press. 397-402.

Kronholm, K.; Schweizer, J.; Schneebeli, M.; Pielmeier, C., 2004:
Spatial variability of snowpack stability on small slopes studied with the stuffblock test. Data Glaciol. Stud. 97: 180-188..

Pielmeier, C.; Schneebeli, M., 2003:
Stratigraphy and changes in hardness of snow measured by hand, ramsonde and snow micro penetrometer: a comparison with planar sections. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 37: 393-405.

Pielmeier, C.; Schneebeli, M., 2003:
Developments in the stratigraphy of snow. Surv. Geophys. 24: 389-416.

Schweizer, J.; Jamieson, J.B.; Schneebeli, M., 2003:
Snow avalanche formation. Rev. Geophys. 41(4), 1016, doi:10.1029/2002RG000123. [25 S.]

Laternser, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2003:
Long-Term Snow Climate Trends of the Swiss Alps (1931-99). Int. J. Climatol. 23: 733-750.

Fauve, M.; Rhyner, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2002:
Préparation et entretien des pistes. Manuel pour le praticien. Davos, Institut fédéral pour l'étude de la neige et des avalanches. 134 S.

Fauve, M.; Rhyner, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2002:
Pistenpräparation und Pistenpflege. Das Handbuch für den Praktiker. Davos, Eidg. Institut für Schnee- und Lawinenforschung. 134 S.

Fauve, M.; Rhyner, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2002:
Preparation and maintenance of pistes. Handbook for practitioners. Davos, Swiss Federal Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research. 134 S.

Scheebeli, M.; Graf, F., 2002:
Micro Tomography at WSL. Investigations on snow, soil and root structures. In: Proceedings 3rd SLS User Meeting, 25-26 September 2002. PSI Villigen. 1 S.

Laternser, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2002:
Temporal Trend and Spatial Distribution of Avalanche Activity during the Last 50 Years in Switzerland. Nat. Hazards 27: 201-230.

Pielmeier, C.; Schneebeli, M.; Stucki, T., 2001:
Snow texture: a comparison of empirical versus simulated texture index for Alpine snow. Ann. Glaciol. 32: 7-13.

Lehning, M.; Bründl, M.; Schär, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Wiesinger, T., 2001:
Schnee und Lawinen. In: Enzyklopädie Naturwissenschaft und Technik. 2. Aufl. 7. Ergänzungslieferung 10/2001. Landsberg, ecomed. 1-8.

Baunach, T.; Fierz, C.; Satyawali, P.K.; Schneebeli, M., 2001:
A model for kinetic grain growth. Ann. Glaciol. 32: 1-6.

Waldner, P.; Schneebeli, M.; Wunderli H., 2000:
Nährstoffaustrag aus einer schmelzenden Schneedecke im Alptal (Kanton Schwyz) am Beispiel von Nitrat. Schweiz. Z. Forstwes. 151, 6: 198-204.

Schneebeli, M., 2000:
Snow as a material: Research with "virtual" snow. In: Ziegler, S. (Red.) Swiss Federal Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research (SLF), Davos. [SLF Portrait]. St. Gallen, Konsens. 17.

Schneebeli, M., 2000:
Der Schnee als Material: Forschungsarbeit mit "virtuellem" Schnee. In: Ziegler, S. (Red.) Eidgenössisches Institut für Schnee- und Lawinenforschung (SLF), Davos. [SLF Portrait]. St. Gallen, Konsens. 17.

Pfister, R.; Schneebeli, M., 1999:
Snow accumulation on boards of different sizes and shapes. Hydrol. Process. 13, 12/13: 2345-2355.

Bründl, M.; Bartelt, P.; Schneebeli, M.; Flühler, H., 1999:
Measuring branch deflection of spruce branches caused by intercepted snow load. Hydrol. Process. 13, 12/13: 2357-2369.

Schneebeli, M.; Pielmeier, C.; Johnson, J.B., 1999:
Measuring snow microstructure and hardness using a high resolution penetrometer. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 30, 1-3: 101-114.

Johnson, J.B.; Schneebeli, M., 1999:
Characterizing the microstructural and micromechanical properties of snow. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 30, 1-3: 91-100.

Schneebeli, M., 1998:
Unsaturated Water Flow in Snow: Experiment and Simulation. In: Hardy, J.; Albert, M.; Marsh, P. (eds) Abstracts from the International Conference on Snow Hydrology, the Integration of Physical, Chemical and Biological Systems, Brownsville, Vermont, USA, 6-9 October 1998. CRREL Special Report. Hanover NH, USA, U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory. 98-10: 2.

Pfister, R.; Schneebeli, M., 1998:
Snow Accumulation and Ablation on Boards of Different Sizes and Shapes. In: Hardy, J.; Albert, M.; Marsh, P. (eds) Abstracts from the International Conference on Snow Hydrology, the Integration of Physical, Chemical and Biological Systems, Brownsville, Vermont, USA, 6-9 October 1998. CRREL Special Report. Hanover NH, USA, U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory. 98-10: 77.

Schneebeli, M.; Pielmeier, C.; Johnson, J.B., 1998:
Measuring snow microstructure and hardness using a high resolution penetrometer. In: Proceedings of the International Snow Science Workshop "a merging of theory and practice", September 27 to October 1, 1998, Sunriver, Oregon. Seattle, Washington, Washington State Departement of Transportation. 305-311.

Schneebeli, M.; Laternser, M.; Föhn, P.; Ammann, W., 1998:
Wechselwirkungen zwischen Klima, Lawinen und technischen Massnahmen. Projektschlussbericht im Rahmen des Nationalen Forschungsprogrammes "Klimaänderungen und Naturkatastrophen", NFP 31. Zürich, vdf Hochschulverlag. 132 S.

Laternser, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Wüthrich, R., 1998:
Die neue SLF-Schadenlawinendatenbank. Bündnerwald 51, 1: 35-39.

Schneebeli, M.; Johnson, J.B., 1998:
A constant-speed penetrometer for high-resolution snow stratigraphy. Ann. Glaciol. 26: 107-111.

Stadler, D.; Bründl, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Meyer-Grass, M.; Flühler, H., 1998:
Hydrologische Prozesse im subalpinen Wald im Winter. Projektschlussbericht im Rahmen des nationalen Forschungsprogrammes "Klimaänderung und Naturkatastrophen", NFP 31 Zürich, vdf Hochschulverlag. 145 S.

Schneebeli, M.; Coléou, C.; Touvier, F.; Lesaffre, B., 1998:
Measurement of density and wetness in snow using timedomain reflectometry. Ann. Glaciol. 26: 69-72.

Johnson, J.B.; Schneebeli, M., 1998:
Characterizing the microstructural and micromechanical properties of snow. In: Proceedings of the International Snow Science Workshop "a merging of theory and practice", September 27 to October 1, 1998, Sunriver, Oregon. Seattle, Washington, Washington State Departement of Transportation. 49-58.

Laternser, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Föhn, P.; Ammann, W., 1997:
Klima, Schnee und Lawinen. Neue Erkenntnisse aufgrund der Auswertung langjähriger Datenreihen. Argumente aus der Forschung 13: 9-15.

Laternser, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Föhn, P.; Ammann, W., 1997:
Climat, neige et avalanches. Nouvelles connaissances acquises par l'évaluation de séries de données pluriannuelles. Arguments de la recherche 13: 9-15.