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Dr. Martin Schneebeli - Personal Homepage

Martin Schneebeli
Dr. Martin Schneebeli, teamleader
Organisational unit: Snow and Permafrost
Snow Physics
Phone: +41814170181
Fax: +41 81 4170 110
Room: Da B 1 14
E-Mail:
Address: WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF
Flüelastrasse 11
7260 Davos Dorf

Research Interests

My current work is focused on snow and firn. The work in the past years was focused on how to measure snow properties quantitatively and at higher spatial resolution, and from the field- to the micro-scale. To this goal, I am developing new instruments. Scientifically, I am interested in all physical and geological processes occurring in the snowpack, and in different environments. Recent expeditions to Antarctica and the Arctic widened my experience in these fascinating environments.

Specifically i work on the experimental investigation of snow physical properties at the micro- and macroscale (mechanical, thermal, optical), especially using micro-tomography. Using specific new tools, the processes in snow recrystallization, metamorphism and diagenesis are investigated. For this, I work on the development of new instrumentation (3 patents). One goal is also the application of quantitative stratigraphy to larger-scale processes, as remote sensing, avalanche formation and climate research.

Academic Education and Professional Experience

1991:  Dr. sc. tech, ETH Zürich (Ph.D. in Environmental Engineering)

1984:  Dipl. Kulturing. (Environmental Engineering), ETH Zürich

  • Invited researcher for field experiments in Antarctica (Project Coldest Firn CoFiAP, PI Dr. Sepp Kipfstuhl, Alfred Wegener Institut, Bremerhaven) 2012-2013, more...
  • Invited researcher for field experiments in Antarctica (Project EXPLORE, PI Dr. Jérôme Chappellaz, CNRS-LGGE, Grenoble) 2011-2012, more...
  • Invited researcher for field experiments (Snowball Earth Analogue, Allan Hills, Antarctica, PI Prof. Stephen Warren, Univ. of Washington) 2010-2011
  • Visiting scientist at LGGE/CNRS Grenoble (July 2008), with Dr. Paul Duval
  • Lecturer at ETH, since 2007
  • Named "Senior Scientist" of WSL since 2006
  • Head of Research Group "Snow Physics", since 2006

Services

 Teaching

Graduate Course on “Snow: Physics and Modelling” at ETH Zürich (together with H Löwe) -> link to course catalogue entry

Publications - ORCID

Publicly available publications: Mendeley or ResearchGate

All Publications (WSL database)

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Publications 1 to 163 from 163

Bokhorst, S.; Pedersen, S.H.; Brucker, L.; Anisimov, O.; Bjerke, J.W.; Brown, R.D.; Ehrich, D.; Essery, R.L.H.; Heilig, A.; Ingvander, S.; Johansson, C.; Johansson, M.; Jónsdóttir, I.S.; Inga, N.; Luojus, K.; Macelloni, G.; Mariash, H.; McLennan, D.; Rosqvist, G.N.; Sato, A.; Savela, H.; Schneebeli, M.; Sokolov, A.; Sokratov, S.A.; Terzago, S.; Vikhamar-Schuler, D.; Williamson, S.; Qiu, Y.; Callaghan, T.V., 2016:
Changing Arctic snow cover: A review of recent developments and assessment of future needs for observations, modelling, and impacts. Ambio online first, 22 p.

Proksch, M.; Rutter, N.; Fierz, C.; Schneebeli, M., 2016:
Intercomparison of snow density measurements: bias, precision, and vertical resolution. Cryosphere 10, 1: 371-384.

Ebner, P.P., Schneebeli, M., Steinfeld, A., 2016:
Metamorphism during temperature gradient with undersaturated advective airflow in a snow sample. Cryosphere 10, 2: 791-797.

Maslanka, W.; Leppänen, L.; Kontu, A.; Sandells, M.; Lemmetyinen, J.; Schneebeli, M.; Proksch, M.; Matzl, M.; Hannula, H.-R.; Gurney, R., 2016:
Arctic snow microstructure experiment for the development of snow emission modelling. Geosci. Instrum. Methods Data Sys. 5: 85-94.

Ebner, P.P.; Andreoli, C.; Schneebeli, M.; Steinfeld, A., 2015:
Tomography-based characterization of ice-air interface dynamics of temperature gradient snow metamorphism under advective conditions. J. Geophys. Res.: Earth Surface 120, 12: 2437-2451.

Dadic, R.; Schneebeli, M.; Bertler, N.A.N.; Schwikowski, M.; Matzl, M., 2015:
Extreme snow metamorphism in the Allan Hills, Antarctica, as an analogue for glacial conditions with implications for stable isotope composition. J. Glaciol. 61, 230: 1171-1182.

Schwaab, J.; Bavay, M.; Davin, E.; Hagedorn, F.; Hüsler, F.; Lehning, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Thürig, E.; Bebi, P., 2015:
Carbon storage versus albedo change: Radiative forcing of forest expansion in temperate mountainous regions of Switzerland. Biogeosciences 12: 467-487.

Ebner, P.P.; Schneebeli, M.; Steinfeld, A., 2015:
Tomography-based monitoring of isothermal snow metamorphism under advective conditions. Cryosphere 9, 4: 1363-1371.

Proksch, M.; Mätzler, C.; Wiesmann, A.; Lemmetyinen, J.; Schwank, M.; Löwe, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2015:
MEMLS3&a: Microwave Emission Model of Layered Snowpacks adapted to include backscattering. Geosci. Model Dev. 8: 2611-2626.

Büntgen, U.; Emmenegger, L.; Fischer, H.; Fröhlicher, T.; Gruber, N.; Hassler, CS.; Hellmann, L.; Jaccard, S.; Ivy-Ochs, S.; Joos, F.; Leonard, K.; Lüthi, M.; Pawlowski, J.; Reimann, S.; Rixen, C.; Romppainen-Martius, O.; Saunders, K.; Schlüchter, C.; Schneebeli, M.; Sodemann, H.; Steffen, K.; Stocker, T.; Vieli, A.; Vollmer, M.K.; Welker, C.; Wieler, R.; Wernli, H., 2015:
Swiss polar research - Pioneering spirit, passion and excellence. Bern, Eidg. Dep. für auswärtige Angelegenheiten EDA. 36 p.

Maus, S.; Becker J.; Leisinger, S.; Matzl, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Wiegmann, A., 2015:
Oil saturation of the sea ice pore space. In: Proceedings of the 23rd International conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions, June 14-18, 2015. Trondheim, Norway. Trondheim, POAC. 12 p.

Schneebeli, M.; Leisinger, S., 2015:
Die Physik zwischen Salz, Schnee und Reifen. - La physique entre sel, neige et pneu. - The physics between salt, snow and tyre. Eidgenössisches Departement für Umwelt, Verkehr, Energie und Kommunikation UVEK, Bundesamt für Strassen (Hrsg.). Bern, Eidgenössisches Departement für Umwelt, Verkehr, Energie und Kommunikation UVEK, Bundesamt für Strassen. 58 p.

Proksch, M.; Mätzler, C.; Wiesmann, A.; Lemmetyinen, J.; Schwank, M.; Löwe, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2015:
MEMLS3&a: Microwave Emission Model of Layered Snowpacks adapted to include backscattering. Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss. 8: 2605-2652.

Proksch, M.; Löwe, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2015:
Density, specific surface area, and correlation length of snow measured by high-resolution penetrometry. J. Geophys. Res. F: Earth Surface 120, 2: 346-362.

Frey, O.; Werner, C.L.; Schneebeli, M.; Macfarlane, A.; Wiesmann, A., 2015:
Enhancement of SnowScat for tomographic observation capabilities. In: Ouwehand, L. (ed.) Proceedings of FRINGEâ€â„¢15: Advances in the Science and Applications of SAR Interferometry and Sentinel-1 InSAR Workshop, Frascati, Italy, 23-27 March 2015, ESA Publication SP-731. no. 37, 5 p.

Lazzaro, A.; Wismer, A.; Schneebeli, M.; Erny, I.; Zeyer, J., 2015:
Microbial abundance and community structure in a melting alpine snowpack. Extremophiles 19, 3: 631-642.

Schneebeli, M., 2015:
Warum alter Schnee jung ist. Physik unserer Zeit 46, 3: 126-130.

Wolfsperger, F.; Hinterberger, B.; Christian, J.; Matzl, M.; Jahnel, R.; Spörri, J.; Kröll, J.; Gilgien, M.; Rhyner, H.; Schneebeli, M.; Müller, E., 2015:
Quantifying snow conditions of world cup alpine ski racing tracks. In: Müller, E.; Kröll, J.; Lindiger S.; Pfusterschmied, J.; Stöggl, T. (eds) Science and Skiing VI. 6th International Congress on Science and Skiing. St.Christoph/Arlberg, Austria. December 14-19, 2013. Maidenhead, Meyer & Meyer Sport. 330-339.

Proksch, M.; Gouttevin, I.; Langer, M.; Ebner, P.; Fierz, C.; Schneebeli, M., 2014:
Snow microstructure and modelling in support of permafrost science. [Abstract] In: Abstract Volume, 12th Swiss Geoscience Meeting, Fribourg, Switzerland, 21-22 November 2014. Bern, SCNAT. 290.

Zermatten, E.; Schneebeli, M.; Arakawa, H.; Steinfeld, A., 2014:
Tomography-based determination of porosity, specific area and permeability of snow and comparison with measurements. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 97: 33-40.

Ebner, P.P.; Grimm, S.A.; Schneebeli, M.; Steinfeld, A., 2014:
An instrumented sample holder for time-lapse microtomography measurements of snow under advective airflow. Geosci. Instrum. Methods Data Sys. 3: 179-185.

Schneebeli, M.; Proksch, M.; Matzl, M.; Weissbach, S., 2014:
Antarctic snow stratigraphy - new methods and insights. [Abstract] In: Abstract Volume, 12th Swiss Geoscience Meeting, Fribourg, Switzerland, 21-22 November 2014. Bern, SCNAT. 290.

Schleef, S.; Löwe, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2014:
Hot-pressure sintering of low-density snow analyzed by X-ray microtomography and in situ microcompression. Acta Mater. 71: 185-194.

Gergely, M.; Wolfsperger, F.;Schneebeli, M., 2014:
Simulation and Validation of the InfraSnow: An Instrument to Measure Snow Optically Equivalent Grain Size. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 52, 7: 4236-4247.

Hagenmuller, P.; Theile, T.C.; Schneebeli, M., 2014:
Numerical simulation of microstructural damage and tensile strength of snow. Geophys. Res. Lett. 41, 1: 86-89.

Wiese, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2014:
Imaging of snow algae in natural snow using phase-contrast tomography. [Abstract] In: Abstract Volume, 12th Swiss Geoscience Meeting, Fribourg, Switzerland, 21-22 November 2014. Bern, SCNAT. 291.

Schleef, S.; Löwe, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2014:
Influence of stress, temperature and crystal morphology on isothermal densification and specific surface area decrease of new snow. Cryosphere 8, 5: 1825-1838.

Köchle, B.; Schneebeli, M., 2014:
Three-dimensional microstructure and numerical calculation of elastic properties of alpine snow with a focus on weak layers. J. Glaciol. 60, 222: 705-713.

Proksch, M.; Reuter, B.; Löwe, H.; Schweizer, J.; Schneebeli, M., 2014:
Quantitative Snow Stratigraphy and Stability Derived From High-Resolution Penetrometry. In: International Snow Science Workshop 2014. A merging of Theory and Practice. September 29 - October 3, 2014. Banff, Alberta, Canada. Proceedings. ISSW. Banff, ISSW. 196-201.

Schleef, S.; Jaggi, M.; Löwe, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2014:
Instruments and Methods: An improved machine to produce nature-identical snow in the laboratory. J. Glaciol. 60, 219: 94-102.

Schwaab, J.; Bavay, M.; Davin, E.; Hagedorn, F.; Hüsler, F.; Lehning, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Thürig, E.; Bebi, P., 2014:
Carbon storage versus albedo change: Radiative Forcing of forest expansion in temperate mountainous regions of Switzerland. Biogeosci. Discuss. 11: 10123-10165.

Schleef, S.; Löwe, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2014:
Influence of stress, temperature and crystal habit on isothermal densification and specific surface area decrease of new snow. Cryosphere Discuss. 8: 1795-1829.

Schleef, S.; Löwe, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2013:
Time-lapse X-ray Microtomography of New Snow Densification. [Abstract] In: Proceedings. 1st International Conference on Tomography of Materials and Structures (July 1-5, 2013) in Ghent (Belgium) Ghent, ICTMS. 301-303.

Monti, F.; Groot Zwaaftink, C.D.; Schneebeli, M.; Fierz, C.; Macelloni, G.; Cagnati, A., 2013:
Exploring the snow lateral variability within a 20 m snow trench at Concordia Station, East Antarctica. [Abstract] In: DACA-13: Davos Atmosphere and Cryosphere Assembly DACA-13. Air, Ice & Process Interactions. An IUGG (IAMAS & IACS) Event, July 8-12, 2013, Davos, Switzerland. Abstract proceedings. Davos, 141.

Schwaab, J.; Lehning, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Hagedorn, F.; Thürig, E.; Huesler, F.; Bebi, P., 2013:
Carbon storage vs Albedo change: radiative forcing of forest cover change in temperate mountainous regions. [Abstract] In: DACA-13: Davos Atmosphere and Cryosphere Assembly DACA-13. Air, Ice & Process Interactions. An IUGG (IAMAS & IACS) Event, July 8-12, 2013, Davos, Switzerland. Abstract proceedings. Davos, 1053.

Montagnat, M.; Riche, F.; Schneebeli, M., 2013:
Evolution of crystal orientation in snow during temperature gradient metamorphism. [Abstract] In: DACA-13: Davos Atmosphere and Cryosphere Assembly DACA-13. Air, Ice & Process Interactions. An IUGG (IAMAS & IACS) Event, July 8-12, 2013, Davos, Switzerland. Abstract proceedings. Davos, 834.

Thomson, E.; Bartels-Rausch, T.; Riche, F.; Schneebeli, M.; Ammann, M., 2013:
Measuring the influence of microstructure on trace gas-ice interactions. [Abstract] In: DACA-13: Davos Atmosphere and Cryosphere Assembly DACA-13. Air, Ice & Process Interactions. An IUGG (IAMAS & IACS) Event, July 8-12, 2013, Davos, Switzerland. Abstract proceedings. Davos, 916.

Dadic, R.; Mullen, P.C.; Schneebeli, M.; Brandt, R.E.; Warren, S.G., 2013:
Effects of bubbles, cracks, and volcanic tephra on the spectral albedo of bare ice near the Transantarctic Mountains: Implications for sea glaciers on Snowball Earth. J. Geophys. Res. 118, 3: 1658-1676.

Riche, F.; Montagnat, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2013:
Evolution of crystal orientation in snow during temperature gradient metamorphism. J. Glaciol. 59, 213: 47-55.

Löwe, H.; Riche, F.; Schneebeli, M., 2013:
A general treatment of snow microstructure exemplified by an improved relation for the thermal conductivity. Cryosphere 7: 1473-1480.

Köchle, B.; Matzl, M.; Proksch, M., Schneebeli, M., 2013:
Detection and characterization of weak layers. [Abstract] In: DACA-13: Davos Atmosphere and Cryosphere Assembly DACA-13. Air, Ice & Process Interactions. An IUGG (IAMAS & IACS) Event, July 8-12, 2013, Davos, Switzerland. Abstract proceedings. Davos, 409.

Klein, K.; Schneebeli, M.; Freitag, J., 2013:
The seasonal development of the specific surface area of snow at Kohnen Station in Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. [Abstract] In: DACA-13: Davos Atmosphere and Cryosphere Assembly DACA-13. Air, Ice & Process Interactions. An IUGG (IAMAS & IACS) Event, July 8-12, 2013, Davos, Switzerland. Abstract proceedings. Davos, 1178.

Bartels-Rausch, T.; Wren, S.; Schreiber, S.; Riche, F.; Schneebeli, M.; Ammann, M., 2013:
Diffusion through the snow-pack - bridging field and lab studies. [Abstract] In: DACA-13: Davos Atmosphere and Cryosphere Assembly DACA-13. Air, Ice & Process Interactions. An IUGG (IAMAS & IACS) Event, July 8-12, 2013, Davos, Switzerland. Abstract proceedings. Davos, 788.

Riche, F.; Schneebeli, M., 2013:
Thermal conductivity of snow measured by three independent methods and anisotropy considerations. Cryosphere 7: 217-227.

Lin, C.-C.; Rommen, B.; Floury, N.; Schuettemeyer, D.; Davidson, M.W.J.; Kern, M.; Kontu, A.; Lemmetyinen, J.; Pulliainen, J.; Wiesmann, A.; Werner, C.L.; Mätzler, C.; Schneebeli, M.; Proksch, M.; Nagler, T.; Rott, H., 2013:
Microwave scattering signature of snowpack - 5 years of snowscat observation experiments. In: Lasaponara, R.; Masini, N.; Biscione, M. (eds) European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories Symposium Proceedings. 33th EARSeL Symposium Towards Horizon 2020: Earth Observation and Social Perspectives, Matera (Italy), 3 - 6 June 2013. Matera, EARSel. 411-424.

Schleef, S.; Löwe, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
Isothermal densification and metamorphism of new snow. [Abstract] In: AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, 3-7 December 2012. [Published online] Available from the internet <http://fallmeeting.agu.org/2012/eposters/eposter/c51b-0779/> 1 p.

Proksch, M.; Löwe, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
Statistical model for the correlation length of snow derived from snow-micro-pen measurements. [Abstract] Geophys. Res. Abstr. 14: EGU2012-14125.

Pinzer, B.R.; Schneebeli, M.; Kaempfer, T.U., 2012:
Vapor flux and recrystallization during dry snow metamorphism under a steady temperature gradient as observed by time-lapse micro-tomography. Cryosphere Discuss. 6: 1673-1714.

Hagenmuller, P.; Theile, T.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
Microstructure-based simulations of the tensile strength of snow. [Abstract] Geophys. Res. Abstr. 14: EGU2012-4031.

Proksch, M.; Loewe, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
Statistical model for the correlation length of snow derived from Snow-Micro-Pen measurements. [Abstract] In: Academia Raetica (ed) Program & Abstracts. Conference "Graubünden forscht - Young scientists in contest" September 12-13, 2012, Davos Congress Center, Entrance "Promenade Nord", Promenade 92, Davos, Switzerland. S.28.

Pinzer, B.R.; Medebach, A.; Limbach, H.J.; Dubois, C.; Stampanoni, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
3D-characterization of three-phase systems using X-ray tomography: tracking the microstructural evolution in ice cream. Soft matter 8: 4584-4594.

Haussener, S.; Gergely, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Steinfeld, A., 2012:
Determination of the macroscopic optical properties of snow based on exact morphology and direct pore-level heat transfer modeling. J. Geophys. Res. 117, F03009, doi: 10.1029/2012JF002332: 20 p.

Löwe, H.; Riche, F.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
A general treatment of snow microstructure exemplified by an improved relation for the thermal conductivity. Cryosphere Discuss. 6: 4673-4693.

Riche, F.; Montagnat, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
P 11.2 Orientation of snow crystals: Evolution of orientation during temperature gradient metamorphism. [Abstract] In: Abstract Volume. 10th Swiss Geoscience Meeting. Bern, 16th-17th November 2012. Mountains - Up and Down. Bern, SCNAT. 279.

Riche, F.; Bartels-Rausch, T.; Schreiber, S., Ammann, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
Temporal evolution of surface and grain boundary area in artificial ice beads and implications for snow chemistry. J. Glaciol. 58, 2010: 815-817.

Löwe, H.; Riche, F.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
Snow anisotropy enables more precise determination of thermal conductivity via second-order bounds. [Abstract] In: AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, 3-7 December 2012. [Published online] Available from the internet <http://fallmeeting.agu.org/2012/eposters/eposter/IN51B-1691/> 1 p.

Bartels-Rausch, T.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
Comment on 'Possible contribution of triboelectricity to snow-air interactions' Environ. Chem. 9: 119-120.

Dadic, R.; Mullen, P.; Schneebeli, M.; Brandt, R.E.; Fitzpatric, M.; Carns, R.; Warren, S.G., 2012:
Albedo of bare ice near the trans-antarctic mountain as an analogue of sea-glaciers on the tropical ocean of snowball earth. [Abstract] Geophys. Res. Abstr. 14: EGU2012-6756.

Maysenhölder, W.; Heggli, M.; Zhou, X.; Zhang, T.; Frei, E.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
Microstructure and sound absorption of snow. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 83-84: 3-12.

Proksch, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
Towards an understanding of the snow pack response at microwave frequencies through high resolution snow measurements. [Abstract] In: AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, 3-7 December 2012. [Published online] Available from the internet <http://fallmeeting.agu.org/2012/eposters/eposter/IN51B-1691/> 1 p.

Riche, F.; Schneebeli, M.; Tschanz, S.A.., 2012:
Design-based stereology to quantify structural properties of artificial and natural snow using thin sections. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 79-80: 67-74.

Riche, F.; Schneebeli, M., 2012:
Thermal conductivity of anisotropic snow measured by three independent methods. Cryosphere Discuss. 6: 1839-1869.

Heggli, M.; Köchle, B.; Matzl, M.; Pinzer, B.R.; Riche, F.; Steiner, S.; Steinfeld, D.; Schneebeli, M., 2011 :
Measuring snow in 3-D using X-ray tomography: assessment of visualization techniques. Ann. Glaciol. 52, 58: 231-236.

Techel, F.; Pielmeier, C.; Schneebeli, M., 2011:
Microstructural resistance of snow following first wetting. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 65: 382-391.

Heggli, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2011:
Physik in der Schneedecke. Tec21 1/2: 16-21.

Theile, T.; Schneebeli, M., 2011:
Algorithm to decompose three-dimensional complex structures at the necks: tested on snow structures. IET Image Process. 5, 2: 132-140.

Theile, T.; Löwe, H.; Theile, T.C.; Schneebeli, M., 2011:
Simulating creep of snow based on microstructure and the anisotropic deformation of ice. Acta Mater. 59: 7104-7113.

Fierz, C.; Loewe, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2011:
Snow metamorphism - past, present, and future. [Abstract] Geophys. Res. Abstr. 13: EGU2011-10206: 10206.

Löwe, H.; Spiegel, J. K.; Schneebeli, M., 2011:
Interfacial and structural relaxations of snow under isothermal conditions. J. Glaciol. 57, 203: 499-510.

Zermatten, E.; Haussener, S.; Schneebeli, M.; Steinfeld, A., 2011:
Tomography-based determination of permeability and Dupuit-Forchheimer coefficient of characteristic snow samples. J. Glaciol. 57, 205: 811-816.

Schneebeli, M., 2011:
Neues aus der Forschung. Expedition Antarktis. Newsl. Nat.gefahren [published online December 2011] Available from World Wide Web <http://www.slf.ch/dienstleistungen/newsletter> 3/2011: 4-6.

Brucker, L.; Picard, G.; Arnaud, L.; Barnola, J.-M.; Schneebeli, M.; Brunjail, H.; Lefebvre, E.; Fily, M., 2011:
Modeling time series of microwave brightness temperature at Dome C, Antarctica, using vertically resolved snow temperature and microstructure measurements. J. Glaciol. 57, 201: 171-182.

Pinzer, B.R.; Kerbrat, M.; Huthwelker, T.; Gäggeler, H.W.; Schneebeli, M.; Ammann, M., 2010:
Diffusion of NOx and HONO in snow: A laboratory study. J. Geophys. Res. 115: D03304, doi: 10.1029/2009JD012459: 12 pp.

Gergely, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Roth, K., 2010:
First experiments to determine snow density from diffuse near-infrared transmittance. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 64: 81-86.

Riche, F.; Schneebeli, M., 2010:
Instruments and Methods: Microstructural change around a needle probe to measure thermal conductivity of snow. J. Glaciol. 56, 199: 871-876.

Gergely, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2010:
Snow characterization by facet number and size from snow pit wall photographs. In: International Snow Science Workshop 2010, Proceedings. October 17-22, 2010. Lake Tahoe, CA. 380-382.

Heilig, A.; Eisen, O; Schneebeli, M., 2010:
Temporal observations of a seasonal snowpack using upward-looking GPR. Hydrol. Process. 24: 3133-3145.

Vetter, R.; Sigg, S.; Singer, H.M.; Kadau, D.; Herrmann, H.J.; Schneebeli, M., 2010:
Simulating isothermal aging of snow. EPL 89, doi: 10.1209/0295-5057/89/26001: 5p.

Matzl, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2010:
Stereological measurement of the specific surface area of seasonal snow types: Comparison to other methods, and implications for mm-scale vertical profiling. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 64: 1-8.

Satyawali, P.K.; Schneebeli, M., 2010:
Spatial scales of snow texture as indicator for snow class. Ann. Glaciol. 51, 54: 55-63.

Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Schneemetamorphose: Schnee im ständigen Wandel. Newsl. Nat.gefahren [published online December 2009] Available from World Wide Web <http://www.slf.ch/dienstleistungen/newsletter/index_DE> 3/2009: 1-2.

Fruehauf, F.; Heilig, A.; Schneebeli, M.; Fellin, W.; Scherzer, O., 2009:
Experiments and Algorithms to Detect Snow Avalanche Victims Using Airborne Ground-Penetrating Radar. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 47, 7: 2240-2251.

Heggli, M.; Jaggi, M.; Pinzer, B.; Steiner, S.; Theile, T.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Visualization of three-dimensional snow: how to use it in snow education. [Abstract] In: Schweizer, J.; Gansner, C. (eds) International Snow Science Workshop. 27 September to 2 October 2009, Davos, Switzerland. Programme and Abstracts. Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research. 50.

Pinzer, B.R.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Snow metamorphism under alternating temperature gradients: Morphology and recrystallization in surface snow. Geophys. Res. Lett. 36, L23503, doi:10.1029/2009GL039618: 4 pp.

Pinzer, B.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Temperature gradient metamorphism is not a classical coarsening process. [Abstract] In: Schweizer, J.; Gansner, C. (eds) International Snow Science Workshop. 27 September to 2 October 2009, Davos, Switzerland. Programme and Abstracts. Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research. 35.

Bellaire, S.; Pielmeier, C.; Schneebeli, M.; Schweizer, J., 2009:
Instruments and Methods: Stability algorithm for snow micro-penetometer measurements. J. Glaciol. 55, 193: 805-813.

Gergely, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Roth, K. 2009:
Snow characterization by optical properties. [Abstract] In: Schweizer, J.; Gansner, C. (eds) International Snow Science Workshop. 27 September to 2 October 2009, Davos, Switzerland. Programme and Abstracts. Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research. 146.

Hutterli, M.A.; Schneebeli, M.; Freitag, J.; Kipfstuhl, J.; Röthlisberger, R., 2009:
Impact of local insolation on snow metamorphism and ice core records. Hokkaido University Collection of Scholarly and Academic Papers: HUSCAP 12: 223-232.

Satyawali, P.K.; Schneebeli, M.; Pielmeier, C.; Stucki, T.; Singh, A.K., 2009:
Preliminary characterization of alpine snow using SnowMicroPen. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 55: 311-320.

Kuipers Munneke, P.; van den Broeke, M.R.; Reijmer, C.H.; Helsen, M.M.; Boot, W.; Schneebeli, M.; Steffen, K., 2009:
The role of radiation penetration in the enrgy budget of the snowpack at Summit, Greenland. Cryosphere 3: 155-165.

Heilig, A.; Marshall, H.P.; Eisen, O.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Visualization of three-dimensional snow: how to use it in snow education. In: Schweizer, J.; Van Herwijnen, A. (eds) International Snow Science Workshop. 27 September to 2. October 2009, Davos, Switzerland. Proceedings. Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research. 82-86.

Riche, F.; Koechle, B.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Measuring thermal conductivity of snow: the problem with needle probes. [Abstract] In: Schweizer, J.; Gansner, C. (eds) International Snow Science Workshop. 27 September to 2 October 2009, Davos, Switzerland. Programme and Abstracts. Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research. 55.

Theile, T.; Szabo, D.; Luthi, A.; Rhyner, H.U.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Mechanics of the Ski-Snow Contact. Tribol. Lett. 36: 223-231.

Heggli, M.; Jaggi, M.; Pinzer, B.; Steiner, S.; Theile, T.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Visualization of three-dimensional snow: how to use it in snow education. In: Schweizer, J.; Van Herwijnen, A. (eds) International Snow Science Workshop. 27 September to 2. October 2009, Davos, Switzerland. Proceedings. Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research. 62-66.

Heilig, A.; Marshall, H.P.; Eisen, O.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Non-destructive quantification of snowpack properties. [Abstract] In: Schweizer, J.; Gansner, C. (eds) International Snow Science Workshop. 27 September to 2 October 2009, Davos, Switzerland. Programme and Abstracts. Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research. 147.

Pinzer, B.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Breeding snow: an instrumented sample holder for simultaneous tomographic and thermal studies. Meas. Sci. Technol. 20: doi: 10.1088/0957-0233/20/9/095705: 9 p.

Gergely, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Roth, K., 2009:
Snow Characterization by Optical Properties. In: Schweizer, J.; Van Herwijnen, A. (eds) International Snow Science Workshop. 27 September to 2. October 2009, Davos, Switzerland. Proceedings. Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research. 87-91.

Heggli, M.; Theile, T.; Steiner, S.; Löwe, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
3D visualization of snow microstructure. [Abstract] In: Swiss Society for Optics and Microscopy (SSOM), Interdisciplinary Symposium on 3D Microscopy, Interlaken 12. - 16. Juli 2009. 19-22.

Pinzer, B.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Temperature gradient metamorphism is not a classical coarsening process. In: Schweizer, J.; Van Herwijnen, A. (eds) International Snow Science Workshop. 27 September to 2. October 2009, Davos, Switzerland. Proceedings. Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research. 58-61.

Heggli, M.; Frei, E.; Schneebeli, M., 2009:
Instruments and Methods. Snow Replica method for three-dimensional X-ray microtomographic imaging. J. Glaciol. 55, 192: 631-639.

Maysenhölder, W.; Schneebeli, M.; Zhou, X.; Zhang, T.; Heggli, M., 2008:
Sound Absorption of Snow. IBP Report 486: 2 S.

Toure, A.M.; Goita, K.; Royer, A.; Mätzler, C.; Schneebeli, M., 2008:
Near-infrared digital photography to estimate snow correlation length for microwave emission modeling. Appl. Opt. 47, 36: 6723-6733.

Heggli, M.; Frei, E.; Schneebeli, M., 2008:
Replica method for three-dimensional snow imaging. [Abstract] Geophys. Res. Abstr. 10: 09730.

Heilig, A.; Schneebeli, M.; Fellin, W., 2008:
Feasibility study of a system for airborne detection of avalanche victims with ground penetrating radar and a possible automatic location algorithm. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 51: 178-190.

Theile, T.; Schneebeli, M., 2008:
Detection of grain boundaries in snow from 3D images. [Abstract] In: Workshop on the Microstructure and Properties of Firn, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, March 10-11, 2008. Abstracts published online. Available from Internet <http://engineering.dartmouth.edu/firn/posters.html>.

Fauve, M.; Rhyner, H.; Lüthi, A.; Schneebeli, M.; Lehning, M., 2008:
Putting snow knowledge into the development of winter sports equipment. Sports Technol. 1, 2-3: 145-151.

Bänninger, D.; Bourgeois, C.S.; Matzl, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2008:
Reflectance Modeling for Real Snow Structures Using a Beam Tracing Model. Sensors 8: 3482-3496.

Bellaire, S.; Schweizer, J.; Schneebeli, M.; Pielmeier, C., 2008:
Deriving snow stability from micropenetration resistance. [Abstract] Geophys. Res. Abstr. 10: 09847.

Heggli, M.; Köchle, B.; Pinzer, B.; Schneebeli, M., 2008:
Thermal conductivity of snow: How to find a better parameterisation? [Abstract] In: 6th Swiss Geoscience Meeting Lugano. 21.-23. November 2008. Abstracts. 187-188.

Dadic, R.; Schneebeli, M.; Lehning, M.; Huttelil, M.A.; Ohmura, A., 2008:
Impact of microstructure of snow on its temperature: A model validatiion with measurements from Summit, Greenland. J. Geophys. Res. 113, D14303, doi:10.1029/2007JD0009562: 11 p.

Techel, F.; Pielmeier, C.; Schneebeli, M., 2008:
The first wetting of snow: Micro-structural hardness measurements using a snow micro penetrometer. In: International Snow Science Workshop 2008, Proceedings. September 21-27, 2008. Whistler, BC, CAN. 1019-1026.

Kerbrat, M.; Pinzer, B.; Huthwelker, T.; Gäggeler, H.W.; Ammann, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2008:
Measuring the specific surface area of snow with X-ray tomography and gas adsorption: comparison and implications for surface smoothness. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8: 1261-1275.

Maysenhölder, W.; Schneebeli, M.; Zhou, X.; Zhang, T.; Heggli, M., 2008:
Schallabsorption von Schnee.. IBP-Mitteilung 486: 2 S.

Theile, T.; Schneebeli, M.; Svendsen, B., 2008:
Time-lapse micro tomography of snow deformation. [Abstract] In: Workshop on X-Ray Micro Imaging of Materials, Devices, and Organisms. 22 - 24 October 2008, Dresden, Germany. Book of Abstracts. 68.

Frei, E.; Heggli, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2008:
Replica method for three-dimensional X-ray microtomographic imaging of snow. [Abstract] In: 6th Swiss Geoscience Meeting Lugano. 21.-23. November 2008. Abstracts. 185.

Schwörer, C.; Rhyner, H.; Rixen, C.; Schneebeli, M.; Iten, B., 2007:
Chemische Pistenpräparation - Grundlagenbericht. [published online November 2007] Available from World Wide Web <http://www.wsl.ch/publikationen/pdf/8509.pdf> Davos, Eidgenössisches Institut für Schnee- und Lawienforschung SLF. 69 S.

Kaempfer, T.U.; Schneebeli, M., 2007:
Observation of isothermal metamorphism of new snow and interpretation as a sintering process. J. Geophys. Res. 112, D24101, doi: 10.1029/2007JD009047: 10 pp.

Marshall, H.-P.; Schneebeli, M.; Koh, G., 2007:
Snow stratigraphy measurements with high-frequency FMCW radar: Comparison with snow micro-penetrometer. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 47: 108-117.

Szabo, D.; Schneebeli, M., 2007:
Subsecond sintering of ice. Appl. Phys. Lett. 90: 151916, doi: 10.1063/1.2721391. 3 pp.

Matzl, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2006:
Measuring specific surface area of snow by near-infrared photography. J. Glaciol. 52, 179: 558-564.

Kaestner, A.; Schneebeli, M.; Graf, F., 2006:
Visualizing three-dimensional root networks using computed tomography. Geoderma 136: 459-469.

Kaempfer, T.U.; Schneebeli, M.; Sokratov, S.A., 2005:
A microstructural approach to model heat transfer in snow. Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L21503, doi:10.1029/2005GL023873: 5 p.

Kronholm, K.; Schweizer, J.; Schneebeli, M.; Pielmeier, C., 2004:
Spatial variability of snowpack stability on small slopes studied with the stuffblock test. Data Glaciol. Stud. 97: 180-188..

Schneebeli, M., 2004:
Numerical simulation of elastic stress in the microstructure of snow. Ann. Glaciol. 38: 339-342.

Stähli, M.; Stacheder, M.; Gustafsson, D.; Schlaeger, S.; Schneebeli, M.; Brandelik, A., 2004:
A new in situ sensor for large-scale snow-cover monitoring. Ann. Glaciol. 38: 273-278.

Birkeland, K.; Kronholm, K.; Schneebeli, M.; Pielmeier, C., 2004:
Changes in the shear strength and micro-penetration hardness of a buried surface-hoar layer. Ann. Glaciol. 38: 223-228.

Pielmeier, C.; Schneebeli, M., 2004:
Developments in snow stratigraphy. In: Proc. International Symposium on Snow Monitoring and Avalanches (ISSMA), 12-16 April, 2004. H.Q., Sase, Manali (H.P.), India. 109-119.

Federolf, P.; Fauve, M.; Szabó, D.; Lüthi, A.; Rhyner, H.; Schneebeli, M.; Ammann, W., 2004:
Mechanical properties of snow during rapid impacts. In: Bartelt, P.; Adams, E.; Christen, M.; Sack, R.; Sato, A. (eds) Snow Engineering V. Proceedings of the fifth international conference on snow engineering, 5-8 July 2004, Davos, Switzerland. Leiden, London, New York, Philadelphia, Singapore, Balkema Publishers. 209-214.

Sokratov, S.A.; Kaempfer, T.U.; Schneebeli, M., 2004:
Temperature gradient metamorphism observed by computed micro-tomography. In: Proceedings of the 61st Annual Eastern Snow Conference. 9-11 June 2004, Portland, Main, USA. 55-58.

Kaempfer, T.U.; Sokratow, S.A.; Schneebeli, M., 2004:
The effect of the structural evolution of snow on heat transfer. In: Celata, G.P.; Di Marco, P.; Mariani, A.; Shah, R.K. (eds) Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Two-Phase Modelling and Experimentation. Pisa, Italy, 22-25 September, 2004. Vol. 1. Pisa, Edizioni ETS. 715-719.

Kronholm, K.; Schneebeli, M.; Schweizer, J., 2004:
Spatial variability of micropenetration resistance in snow layers on a small slope. Ann. Glaciol. 38: 202-208.

Schneebeli, M.; Bebi, P., 2004:
Snow and Avalanche Control. In: Burley, J.; Evans, J.; Youngquist, J.A. (eds) Encyclopedia of Forest Sciences. Amsterdam, Boston, Heidelberg, Elsevier Academic Press. 397-402.

Schneebeli, M.; Laternser, M., 2004:
A Probalistic Model to Evaluate the Optimal Density of Stations Measuring Snowfall. J. Appl. Meteorol. 43, 5: 711-719.

Pielmeier, C.; Schneebeli, M., 2003:
Developments in the stratigraphy of snow. Surv. Geophys. 24: 389-416.

Pielmeier, C.; Schneebeli, M., 2003:
Stratigraphy and changes in hardness of snow measured by hand, ramsonde and snow micro penetrometer: a comparison with planar sections. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 37: 393-405.

Schweizer, J.; Jamieson, J.B.; Schneebeli, M., 2003:
Snow avalanche formation. Rev. Geophys. 41(4), 1016, doi:10.1029/2002RG000123. [25 S.]

Laternser, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2003:
Long-Term Snow Climate Trends of the Swiss Alps (1931-99). Int. J. Climatol. 23: 733-750.

Fauve, M.; Rhyner, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2002:
Preparation and maintenance of pistes. Handbook for practitioners. Davos, Swiss Federal Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research. 134 S.

Scheebeli, M.; Graf, F., 2002:
Micro Tomography at WSL. Investigations on snow, soil and root structures. In: Proceedings 3rd SLS User Meeting, 25-26 September 2002. PSI Villigen. 1 S.

Fauve, M.; Rhyner, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2002:
Préparation et entretien des pistes. Manuel pour le praticien. Davos, Institut fédéral pour l'étude de la neige et des avalanches. 134 S.

Fauve, M.; Rhyner, H.; Schneebeli, M., 2002:
Pistenpräparation und Pistenpflege. Das Handbuch für den Praktiker. Davos, Eidg. Institut für Schnee- und Lawinenforschung. 134 S.

Laternser, M.; Schneebeli, M., 2002:
Temporal Trend and Spatial Distribution of Avalanche Activity during the Last 50 Years in Switzerland. Nat. Hazards 27: 201-230.

Pielmeier, C.; Schneebeli, M.; Stucki, T., 2001:
Snow texture: a comparison of empirical versus simulated texture index for Alpine snow. Ann. Glaciol. 32: 7-13.

Baunach, T.; Fierz, C.; Satyawali, P.K.; Schneebeli, M., 2001:
A model for kinetic grain growth. Ann. Glaciol. 32: 1-6.

Lehning, M.; Bründl, M.; Schär, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Wiesinger, T., 2001:
Schnee und Lawinen. In: Enzyklopädie Naturwissenschaft und Technik. 2. Aufl. 7. Ergänzungslieferung 10/2001. Landsberg, ecomed. 1-8.

Schneebeli, M., 2000:
Der Schnee als Material: Forschungsarbeit mit "virtuellem" Schnee. In: Ziegler, S. (Red.) Eidgenössisches Institut für Schnee- und Lawinenforschung (SLF), Davos. [SLF Portrait]. St. Gallen, Konsens. 17.

Waldner, P.; Schneebeli, M.; Wunderli H., 2000:
Nährstoffaustrag aus einer schmelzenden Schneedecke im Alptal (Kanton Schwyz) am Beispiel von Nitrat. Schweiz. Z. Forstwes. 151, 6: 198-204.

Schneebeli, M., 2000:
Snow as a material: Research with "virtual" snow. In: Ziegler, S. (Red.) Swiss Federal Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research (SLF), Davos. [SLF Portrait]. St. Gallen, Konsens. 17.

Johnson, J.B.; Schneebeli, M., 1999:
Characterizing the microstructural and micromechanical properties of snow. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 30, 1-3: 91-100.

Schneebeli, M.; Pielmeier, C.; Johnson, J.B., 1999:
Measuring snow microstructure and hardness using a high resolution penetrometer. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 30, 1-3: 101-114.

Bründl, M.; Bartelt, P.; Schneebeli, M.; Flühler, H., 1999:
Measuring branch deflection of spruce branches caused by intercepted snow load. Hydrol. Process. 13, 12/13: 2357-2369.

Pfister, R.; Schneebeli, M., 1999:
Snow accumulation on boards of different sizes and shapes. Hydrol. Process. 13, 12/13: 2345-2355.

Johnson, J.B.; Schneebeli, M., 1998:
Characterizing the microstructural and micromechanical properties of snow. In: Proceedings of the International Snow Science Workshop "a merging of theory and practice", September 27 to October 1, 1998, Sunriver, Oregon. Seattle, Washington, Washington State Departement of Transportation. 49-58.

Schneebeli, M.; Pielmeier, C.; Johnson, J.B., 1998:
Measuring snow microstructure and hardness using a high resolution penetrometer. In: Proceedings of the International Snow Science Workshop "a merging of theory and practice", September 27 to October 1, 1998, Sunriver, Oregon. Seattle, Washington, Washington State Departement of Transportation. 305-311.

Stadler, D.; Bründl, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Meyer-Grass, M.; Flühler, H., 1998:
Hydrologische Prozesse im subalpinen Wald im Winter. Projektschlussbericht im Rahmen des nationalen Forschungsprogrammes "Klimaänderung und Naturkatastrophen", NFP 31 Zürich, vdf Hochschulverlag. 145 S.

Pfister, R.; Schneebeli, M., 1998:
Snow Accumulation and Ablation on Boards of Different Sizes and Shapes. In: Hardy, J.; Albert, M.; Marsh, P. (eds) Abstracts from the International Conference on Snow Hydrology, the Integration of Physical, Chemical and Biological Systems, Brownsville, Vermont, USA, 6-9 October 1998. CRREL Special Report. Hanover NH, USA, U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory. 98-10: 77.

Schneebeli, M., 1998:
Unsaturated Water Flow in Snow: Experiment and Simulation. In: Hardy, J.; Albert, M.; Marsh, P. (eds) Abstracts from the International Conference on Snow Hydrology, the Integration of Physical, Chemical and Biological Systems, Brownsville, Vermont, USA, 6-9 October 1998. CRREL Special Report. Hanover NH, USA, U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory. 98-10: 2.

Schneebeli, M.; Johnson, J.B., 1998:
A constant-speed penetrometer for high-resolution snow stratigraphy. Ann. Glaciol. 26: 107-111.

Laternser, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Wüthrich, R., 1998:
Die neue SLF-Schadenlawinendatenbank. Bündnerwald 51, 1: 35-39.

Schneebeli, M.; Coléou, C.; Touvier, F.; Lesaffre, B., 1998:
Measurement of density and wetness in snow using timedomain reflectometry. Ann. Glaciol. 26: 69-72.

Schneebeli, M.; Laternser, M.; Föhn, P.; Ammann, W., 1998:
Wechselwirkungen zwischen Klima, Lawinen und technischen Massnahmen. Projektschlussbericht im Rahmen des Nationalen Forschungsprogrammes "Klimaänderungen und Naturkatastrophen", NFP 31. Zürich, vdf Hochschulverlag. 132 S.

Laternser, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Föhn, P.; Ammann, W., 1997:
Climat, neige et avalanches. Nouvelles connaissances acquises par l'évaluation de séries de données pluriannuelles. Arguments de la recherche 13: 9-15.

Laternser, M.; Schneebeli, M.; Föhn, P.; Ammann, W., 1997:
Klima, Schnee und Lawinen. Neue Erkenntnisse aufgrund der Auswertung langjähriger Datenreihen. Argumente aus der Forschung 13: 9-15.