Verhalten abseits der Piste Avalanche accidents Wissenswertes über Lawinen Literatur Kernteam Lawinenausbildung Exceptional avalanche situations
Short winter marked by little snowfall and few avalanche victims
Review of winter 2016/2017
News Release, 03.05.2017
Winter 2016/17 was characterised by warm temperatures and extremely little snowfall. Many places had continuous snow cover only for a very brief period. Seven people were killed in avalanches – significantly fewer than average over a 20-year period.
Numerous ski resorts were delighted by the large quantities of snow that fell in the mountains starting in mid-November. Their excitement was of short duration, however, since foehn winds which followed in its wake quickly melted the white blanket. December was the driest month, with the least amount of snow, since measuring commenced. Many winter sport resorts reported a green Christmas for the second year in succession. The coveted snowfall finally arrived in January – but in much smaller quantities than a year earlier. Nevertheless, the lowest temperatures in 30 years in the Swiss plateau region ensured that the snow cover lasted for several weeks, even at low altitudes.
Despite the January snowfall, winter 2016/17 ranked among the poorest in snow ever recorded. Substantial quantities of snow did not arrive until the beginning of March. But since the entire month was far too warm, the snows quickly melted and many measuring stations saw the shortest period of continuous snow cover in their history. In Ulrichen in Obergoms, for example, continuous snow cover lasted for just 86 days, which corresponds to little more than one-half (56 %) of the long-term average (156 days). Wintery conditions returned in mid-April with copious snowfall and low temperatures.
March was the only month with exceptional avalanche activity and numerous large natural releases
The lack of snow was reflected in the winter's avalanche danger forecasts. Danger level 1 (low) was forecast by the SLF almost twice as frequently as the average over the last ten years. The higher danger levels 2 (moderate), 3 (considerable) and 4 (high) were published five times less frequently than usual. Weak layers formed in the shallow snowpack in the early winter, and in January and February backcountry skiers and freeriders could easily release avalanches in some places. The fairly substantial snowfall at the beginning of March gave rise to numerous large-sized natural avalanches, some of which damaged or completely destroyed buildings, forests or transportation routes, including numerous chalets in Vallon de Van in canton Valais.
Exceptionally small number of avalanche victims
By the end of April seven people had lost their lives in avalanches this winter. This figure is around 65 % lower than the 20-year average of 20 deaths recorded by this date. The 20-year average for the whole hydrological year, which runs until 30 September, stands at 23 avalanche victims. Of this winter's victims, five were backcountry ski tourers and two were freeriders. For the first time in nine winters, none of the fatal avalanches claimed more than one life – this factor probably contributed to the small number of victims. Some were presumably saved simply by good fortune, given that 148 people were caught in avalanches, which is also below average, but only 20 % lower. That means that relative to the number of accidents, avalanches killed far fewer people than usual.
The avalanche bulletin will continue to appear daily until further notice. It is available at www.slf.ch and with the SLF White Risk app. Subscribe to our RSS feed and text messaging service if you wish to be notified of the publication of an avalanche bulletin in the early and late winter and during the summer. (To order the service, text START SLF SOMMER to 9234. To unsubscribe, text STOP SLF SOMMER to 9234. Texts cost CHF 0.20.) An Alpine weather report in German is also available from MeteoSwiss at www.meteoswiss.ch, by phone on 0900 162 138 (CHF 1.20/min.), or with the MeteoSwiss app.
Christine Pielmeier, Avalanche Warning Service, WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF, Tel. +41 81 4170125, firstname.lastname@example.org
Julia Wessels, Communications, WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF, Tel. +41 81 4170286, email@example.com